Oxygen Absorbers For 5-Gallon Food Storage
When storing foods like rice, beans, wheat, etc., a key factor for successful long term storage is to remove the oxygen from the environment.
Here’s why, and how much…
Oxygen enables bad things to happen to your food over time.
These bad things include…
-Spoilage from organisms that will grow
-Oxidation of vitamin content
…all resulting in the potential for being surprised by bad or spoiled food at a time when you will need it the most.
A solution to this problem is to use oxygen absorbers.
What is an oxygen absorber?
It is typically a packet consisting of powdered iron oxide. It is safe for foods, and is very effective if you have used the right amount in a sealed environment.
Earth’s air contains 21% oxygen. The proper quantity of oxygen absorbers in a sealed Mylar bag, or a sealed pail or can, will reduce the oxygen levels to .01%, effectively eliminating (minimizing) the risk of bad things happening to your food storage.
There is a caveat to effectiveness however. The container MUST be air-tight.
Arguably one of the best methods of air-tight storage is to use Mylar bags, which can be sealed and stored within a 5-gallon bucket (for protection against puncture). The Mylar will provide an air-tight seal (if sealed properly) and the bucket will provide protection for puncture or rodents.
Oxygen absorbers themselves are shipped in a sealed bag. So, remember, once you open that sealed bag, the absorbers will start absorbing the oxygen of the air around it. So don’t leave them sitting around for long (no more than 30 minutes) or they will be consumed.
Have your food ready and already packed in the Mylar bags, ready to seal, before you open up the pack of oxygen absorbers.
Then, use what you need and save the rest in an air-tight container. You could use a vacuum sealer bag for the remaining O2 absorbers (the best way), or you might keep them in a canning jar with an air-tight lid (fill the remaining air space inside with rice).
Oxygen absorbers are rated in “cc’s” (cubic centimeters).
The sizes of oxygen absorbers correspond to the amount of oxygen they absorb.
For example, a 300 cc oxygen absorber will absorb 300 cc’s of oxygen.
So the key to knowing how big of an oxygen absorber to use, is to know how much total air (oxygen) it will need to absorb…
…which is the ‘head space’ air plus the air that’s all around the individual pieces of food inside the Mylar bag or bucket, called void space.
To determine the total residual air that will remain in your storage container (sealed Mylar bag), you could apply a moderately complicated procedure and formula, or you could follow some general advice based on other people’s experiences and others who have run the formula as follows…
As an aside, since oxygen absorbers are not very expensive versus the value of the long-term food storage (should you need it in an emergency situation), I prefer to err on the side of caution and use a bit more than the theoretical exact right amount.
For foods like rice, beans, or wheat stored in a Mylar bag to be contained within a 5 gallon bucket, use 2000 cc’s of oxygen absorbers. This leaves a bit of a safety margin which is particularly important for larger size items such as beans because they have a bigger void space around them.