ALTERNATIVE ENERGY

Energy Consumption Per Home | All 50 States (kWh / month / day) | Off-Grid Design

Average energy consumption per home for all 50 states.

How much Electricity does an average home use (Listed by State)

The following is a list of average energy consumption per home (averaged for each state).

I went looking for this data while considering a basis or average kWh (kilowatt hours) consumption. Why? Because someone I know is considering an off-grid energy comparison. They are building a rural home and the electric utility company wants a lot of money to bring power up their new road to the house.

It’s good to know the average electricity usage per home for a given state when beginning to design an off-grid solar power system. The number I was trying to get at was the kWh (kilowatt hours) per day. It all relates to the size of a battery bank (and the cost thereof) to store enough energy.

Related: The Four Essentials of Off Grid Solar

That said, there are lots of additional variables beyond just the average home energy consumption. For example this home will use appliances with LP (propane) gas (e.g. stove, hot water, clothes dryer). This will reduce electricity requirements. They will be heating with a wood stove. (A pellet stove doesn’t use much electricity and is also an option). Other factors too…

National Average Energy Consumption Per Home

It might be interesting to know that the average home (among all states) consume 916 kWh per month, or 30 kWh per day.

The state with the least energy consumption per home is Hawaii (515 kWh/mo.) ( 17 kWh/day).

The state with the most average energy consumption per home is Louisiana (1273 kWh/mo.) ( 42 kWh/day).

It might also be interesting to pull out your electric utility bill and see how your own home electricity consumption compares with your states’ average.

StatekWh/mo.kWh/day
Alabama121140
Alaska63221
Arizona104935
Arkansas113338
California55719
Colorado72324
Connecticut75225
Delaware94431
Florida107836
Georgia108836
Hawaii51517
Idaho105535
Illinois75525
Indiana100534
Iowa90830
Kansas92631
Kentucky115438
Louisiana127342
Maine55118
Maryland103134
Massachusetts63821
Michigan66522
Minnesota81727
Mississippi122041
Missouri108636
Montana86029
Nebraska103434
Nevada92431
New Hampshire62921
New Jersey68723
New Mexico65522
New York60220
North Carolina109837
North Dakota120540
Ohio89230
Oklahoma114238
Oregon97633
Pennsylvania85729
Rhode Island60220
South Carolina112437
South Dakota105535
Tennessee124542
Texas117439
Utah79827
Vermont56919
Virginia115639
Washington104135
West Virginia111837
Wisconsin70323
Wyoming89430

I sourced this data from a site named electricchoice who apparently sourced their data from the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

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I guess when you live on the street in California, you don’t consume much electricity. This chart proves it.

Wow, that turned to the truth quickly!

It would be interesting to see a total read out of energy consumption to include heating for the northern states. BTUs consumed burning fossil fuels, natural gas, coal, wood etc. That would give a more accurate picture of actual energy consumption per house hold.

I am willing to bet the The North East and upper Mid West states are the largest consumers of all total energy output in the US.

Down here in FL we only use electricity to have the luxury of AC. My household averages about $100/ month for total energy use 875 kWh. This includes all heating, cooling, daily home operation all together average $100/month for me. Off grid AC would not be practical.

It is all about adapting to our environment. Some of us build to defend against cold and heat. Lots of building mass, lots of insulation, good doors and windows, energy efficient wood burning appliances (3 -16″ diameter x 18″ logs keeps our 2000 sg ft two level house nice in the coldest weather for 24 hrs.). And the mass keeps our place under 72 in the hottest weather with out central air.
It helps to put closets, enclosed porches, storage rooms, attached garage, … on exterior walls as environmental separation from the elements.

We are billed on a equal payment plan, Nat gas about $80/month and electricity about $100/ month.

That is excellent heating efficiency. Your lucky to have a nice setup with a quality built home.
Hw Thick are your walls? How much insulation is in the attic To maintain even temperature?

For me Attic Venting is crucial for heat dissipation in FL. Then we have R30 insulation for the attic

WC
Only R24 exterior walls, R50 attic, concrete mass on both floors, well vented metal roof, stucco exterior walls (tried for non-combustible exteriors), triple glazed windows (foam sealed in openings), hot water heating in-floors and heated air system, sun room for solar gain with designed overhang to only collect three seasons heat, … and more but you get the drift.

Where I go in China, they don’t use the AC or heater very much. By very much, I mean they don’t use a heater until the inside temps get close to freezing and they don’t use the AC until the temps get into the humid high 90’s. Even then when the AC/heater is turned on, it is not so the inside is a comfy 70 or 72 degrees. The AC is used to cool of a room or part of the apartment just to the point where we are not dripping with sweat, so the mid 80’s or so. It is similar with the heat to bring the temp up to the high 30’s or low 40’s. If the temp is in the low 90’s inside, then no AC, just a fan. If the temp is in the high 30’s or low 40’s then a big box space heater with a blanket over it ( I know it sounds crazy but they are designed to be used as such). This is almost everywhere when I see family in central-southern China. So, yes, it is also what we get used to because they survive fine her in conditions most Americans would find intolerable.

Most of the time, whatever the temp is outside, the temp is pretty much the same inside.

If a person is thinking about going off-grid the first thing is to reduce their power usage before you go out and buy panels, controller, batteries and all the other off-grid stuff.

Every watt you don’t consume is a watt you don’t have to buy or buy panels to produce.

Buy new energy efficient appliances.

Buy power strips that shut off appliances that never really turn off. TV’s do this.

Think up new (maybe the old ways) ways to do things that are normally done with lots of electricity.

Heat with wood (a pellet stove is good)

Brew your coffee with a flame instead of a Mr. Coffee machine that runs all day long.

Switch to battery powered things in your home. Clocks are a good thing to go to battery power.

Get a Kill-O-Watt meter (under $20.00 at most Home Stores) to see how much electricity your stuff is really using. You can make adjustments as needed after you know how much electricity things use.

Get a good stand-alone battery charger that can charge C, D, 9-Volt, AA & AAA batteries in a day. The inexpensive solar chargers sold on Amazon can take days to charge a set of batteries, that’s too long.

Get lots of Sanyo Eneloop rechargeable batteries, they hold 70% of their charge for 5-years.

Get the AA to C & D adapters so you can use AA batteries in things that need C or D batteries.

Collect rain water and make or buy a solar hot water system. Solar hot water pays better then solar electricity generation as far as dollar spent and return on investment. I would also consider putting a water tank on the highest floor of your home so you can take advantage of gravity if needed for water. It will take a pump to fill the tank, but once filled it will work without power and a few min of filling can last for a few days. Maybe put in an extra faucet in your kitchen that is tied to the gravity system.

Make a few solar air heaters, easy to make and one will produce about as much heat as a small electricity heater sold at stores.

Build a cold shaft to keep food cold in the Winter. Don’t work so well in the Summer, but pretty well in the Winter.

Insulate your home as well as you can afford, again every BTU you don’t let escape is one you don’t have to buy again.

Read up on how to make homemade solar things. There are lots of good books on making pretty good use of solar heating.

Open canned food with a hand-crank can opener.

Buy ALL LED lights.

Buy solar motion lights that recharge themselves every day.

The list goes on and on as far as how to save energy.

The system we have today is made to get us to use way more power ($$.$$) then we probably really need to use.

Great points Chuck! Ty

John in Colorado

The biggest waster of energy in the home that people never consider is the water heater. It constantly heats and reheats the water while not being used. Flipping the breaker off before going to bed at night will reduce this waste by 1/3 depending on how many hours you sleep. I went out of town for work and turned mine off before I left. IT made a huge difference.

i live in upstate NY and recently built a modern stick built home thats well insullated, 860sq ft above ground and 860sq ft below ground basement. i am currently using a mitsubishi MR Slim ductless heat pump for AC and Heat. i absolutley love this unit – i chose to get the added “Hyper Heat” for the cold winters and my utility bill (all i have is electric) runs about $60 a month in the summer and $120-140 in the winter for heat. i can also power the unit from my generator witch is perfect if the power goes out in the winter.

onebradh:
A very good friend is a Diamond Dealer for Mitsubishi.
You have the very best unit made in the world right there.
BTW it will and is currently running very well on a Solar System as we speak. And he keeps his place at 67 all the time with zero problems.

California is one of the lowest kWh consuming states per home due to great weather and the number of homes with solar panels offsetting or exceeding energy usage from the grid.

I live in the East Bay of the SF bay area in CA and my daily electric usage is about 10 kWhrs during summer (most of which is the fridge and stand alone freezer). I don’t use AC, I can tolerate up to 90F inside (104F outside) on the hottest of days with fans on. I crack open several doors/windows once outside temps fall below inside temps, turn on the whole house fan for about an hour, which cools off the house to the mid to low 70s by the morning.. Winter, I let the house cool off to 55F before I start turning on heat. I have solar panels which basically cancels out my electricity usage.

or mabe a lot of residents have solar!