Disinfectant Bleach-Water Ratio

September 14, 2014, by Ken Jorgustin

bleach-and-water-ratio-for-disinfecting-sanitizing

Bleach is one of the most widely available and affordable disinfectants on earth. Clorox® brand liquid bleach was introduced in 1913 and has played a critical role in helping to protect public health by killing germs that cause illness.

For years, bleach has helped purify water – particularly during times of disaster, and has been a disinfectant to help kill germs that can make people sick, including MRSA, Staph, and Norovirus.

Disinfecting frequently touched surfaces is essential for prevention. Germs and viruses can thrive in the kitchen, bathroom, baby’s room and laundry room, especially around toilets, sinks, faucets and bathtubs.

The World Health Organization (WHO) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) – recommend the use of bleach for controlling the spread of pathogens that can cause infections and other health threats.

Here is the recommended bleach to water ratio for disinfection:
UPDATED

 
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Clorox Bleach to Water Ratio For Disinfectant

(NON-FOOD SURFACES)
 
For cleaning, sanitizing, and disinfecting surfaces such as bathtubs, sinks, faucets, tile, plastic toys, potty chairs, high chairs, changing tables, floors, appliances, countertops, garbage cans, walls, light switches, etc..

 

Use ½ cup of Clorox® Regular-Bleach per GALLON of water

 
(This is a ~2500-ppm chlorine mixture using today’s concentrated 8.25% REGULAR bleach)
 
Pre-wash surface with detergent and water, then apply the sanitizing solution of bleach and water. Allow solution to contact surface for at least 5 minutes for optimum effectiveness. Afterward, rinse and-or air dry.

 

 
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Bleach to Water Ratio For Disinfectant

(FOOD CONTACT SURFACES)
 
For cleaning food handling equipment and food contact surfaces such as plastic cutting boards*, stainless cutlery, dishes, glassware, pots and pans, stainless utensils, pet bowls, teething rings,
 

Use 2 teaspoons of Clorox® Regular-Bleach per GALLON of water

 
(This is a ~200-ppm chlorine mixture using today’s concentrated 8.25% REGULAR bleach)
 
Pre-wash surface with detergent and water, then soak with the sanitizing solution of bleach and water. Allow solution to contact surface for at least 2 minutes for optimum effectiveness. Drain and air dry.

*Plastic cutting boards may be sanitized with a stronger solution of 2 Tablespoons bleach per gallon of water (~600-ppm), stand for 2 minutes, rinse.

 

 
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NOTE: This is NOT the formula for drinking water purification, but instead it is much stronger for disinfecting surfaces. For drinking water purification, read the following articles:
Make Drinking Water Safe With Bleach
Bleach – Water Ratio For Drinking Water

NOTE: Do not mix Clorox® Regular-Bleach with other household chemicals, since toxic fumes could result.

NOTE: Bleach solutions may discolor fabrics (your clothes, carpets, etc..).

 

 
oxo-measuring-bucket
OXO Good Grips Angled Measuring Bucket

 
UPDATE: Clorox has been phasing out their old Regular Bleach formula and have introduced “Concentrated Clorox® Regular Bleach”, which is the same Clorox bleach product, just more concentrated. The concentration of sodium hypochlorite has increased from 6% to 8.25%. The formula in this article relates to the current production Concentrated Regular Bleach containing 8.25% sodium hypochlorite (look for the concentration on the label).

 

 
What is the difference between cleaning and disinfecting?
Cleaning removes dust and debris from a surface. Disinfecting kills a variety of germs including bacteria such as Staph, Salmonella and E. coli, the viruses such as influenza (the “flu” virus) and rhinovirus (one of the causes of the common cold) and the fungus that causes athlete’s foot. Disinfecting hard, nonporous surfaces is one of the most reliable ways to help lower the risk of spreading these germs from surfaces by touch.

Are disinfectants harmful to the environment?
No. During normal household use and disposal, bleach breaks down primarily into salt and water. Bleach does not contaminate ground water because it does not survive sewage treatment – neither in municipal sewage treatment plants nor in septic systems.

Why is bleach disinfectant so extremely important during a survival situation?
Without access to healthcare, an infection, if bad enough, can quickly kill you. During a disaster or survival scenario, you are more vulnerable to cuts and injuries, any of which could become easily infected from the environment. If the environment around you is clean, an infection becomes less likely. Prior to the days of antibiotics and disinfection, many people commonly died from infection. Be sure to have an adequate supply of bleach in your supply of preparedness items, and remember that it has a shelf life of about 1 year.

 

 
Following is a list of organisms that the proper Clorox Bleach to water ratios can kill

Bacteria
Staphylococcus aureus (Staph.)
Salmonella choleraesuis
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Streptococcus pyogenes (Strep.)
Escherichia coli O157:H7 (E. coli)
Shigella dysenteriae
Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)

Fungi
Trichophyton mentagrophytes (can cause Athlete’s Foot)
Candida albicans (a yeast)

Viruses
Rhinovirus Type 37 (a type of virus that can cause colds)
Influenza A (Flu virus)
Hepatitis A virus
Rotavirus
Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV)
HIV-1 (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)*
Herpes simplex Type 2
Rubella virus
Adenovirus Type 2
Cytomegalovirus

 
Sources:
Oklahoma State University; Food & Agricultural Products Research & Technology Center
University of California; UC Food Safety
Clorox