To build a fire, you start with a source – a spark or flame. Ideally you will have at the ready some fine dry tinder to which the spark or flame is applied. Next comes kindling and then progressively larger pieces of firewood.
Tinder is very important in that it is often a necessary step to successfully build a fire, and the quality of your tinder will determine your results.
Here’s a list of tinder sources:
While building a fire, the right preparation is the most important consideration. The tinder should be the lightest, driest, and most combustible materials in your fire bundle.
The purpose of tinder is to catch the flame and burn long enough to ignite larger pieces of kindling. Regardless of your choice of tinder material, fluff it up or shred it so that more surface area is available for the flame to grab hold.
Keep your tinder dry, and in a weather proof container.
When preparing a fire, consider gathering wood in this order: large, medium, then small (kindling), and lastly the tinder. The reason for this seemingly ‘backwards’ order is because if you prepare or expose the tinder first, and then go out and start gathering firewood – by the time you get back to the tinder, it may be wet or damp. So, gathering or preparing the tinder should be the last step, just before starting the fire.
Here are a few suggestions in no particular order of tinder materials for building a fire:
Cotton Balls & Petroleum Jelly
Mix some cotton balls with some Vaseline and store them in a container. Vaseline (petroleum jelly) is flammable and will enable the cotton ball to burn much longer.
First look for fallen trees in the area but avoid rotten bark. The inside of most bark will remain fairly dry even in wet weather. Shave it. Peel bark from a limb. Cedar is particularly good. Birch bark is uniquely thin and easy to peel off and burn.
Pine needles (brown/dried/dead)
These can be found in plenty. Be wary of damp needles though.
Very Small Twigs
From dead branches, snap off very small twigs and then shave them with a knife into shredded pieces. The key here is small shavings.
They must be completely dry to burn well. Crumple into small pieces.
Burns fast, but needs to be very dry.
All sorts of paper including newspaper, paper bags, etc., except glossy papers from magazines which do not burn well.
Shavings From Firewood
Use axe or knife to shave off small dry pieces which can be further shredded or chipped.
Best in the fall and found near water. Look for the brown sausage shape piece. Take this off and break it open for the fluffy stuff inside.
Fine Steel Wool
Yes the fine steel wool which you might be using to scour your pots and pans is flammable.
Make this ahead of time. Cut small squares / strips of 100% cotton cloth and insert in a metal container which can seal air-tight (e.g. metal water bottle). Place container on fire or hot coals for about 5 minutes. Remove and let cool off. Unseal the lid and check that the cloth has turned black. These pieces will accept a spark nicely and flame. Store in a weatherproof container.
Collect some of this and stuff it in a small weatherproof container. Try it yourself – gather up a ball of dryer lint and try lighting it outside – it works.
You can raid your first aid kit for this.
Tampons & Pads
It will burn. Mix with petroleum jelly for longer lasting flame.
Pull apart to form a ‘nest’. With enough of them, this can make for an effective tinder bundle.
Dried Organic Plant Material
Just about any dead dry plant material will burn. Break it into very small pieces and fluff it up.
This resin-impregnated heartwood becomes hard and rot-resistant. The stump (and tap root) left in the ground after a tree has fallen or has been cut is an excellent source of fatwood.
Cut off several feet, spread out the fibers, and form into a bird’s nest.
Rubber Bicycle Tire Inner Tubes
Cut in to strips. The high density rubber is extremely flammable and long burning.
Size 0000 steel wool and a nine volt battery works every time.
One very good source of flame (sparks) for your tinder is from a U.S. company, FireSteel.com where the U.S. Military buys their ‘firesteels’. The reason they’re so good are the massive sparks the rod makes when scraped because of their ‘Rare Earth’ elements in the rods (the highest percentage you can get).
What are some of your additional suggestions for tinder?