What Lewis & Clark Took With Them on the Expedition

Lewis and Clark Expedition packing list

Here is Meriwether Lewis’ packing list for his expedition (1804) :

( source: https://www.monticello.org/ )

Being a survival & preparedness site, I thought it might be interesting to look at this. Maybe we can learn a thing or two from it?

My opinion after the list…

(original spelling & terminology),

 

Lewis & Clark Expedition Packing List

 

Mathematical Instruments

1

Hadley’s Quadrant

1

Mariner’s Compas & 2 pole chain

1

Sett of plotting instruments

3

Thermometers

1

Cheap portable Microscope

1

Pocket Compass

1

brass Scale one foot in length

6

Magnetic needles in small straight silver or brass cases opening on the side with hinges.

1

Instrument for measuring made of tape with feet & inches mark’d on it,…

2

Hydrometers

1

Theodolite

1

Sett of planespheres

2

Artificial Horizons

1

Patent log

6

papers of Ink powder

4

Metal Pens brass or silver

1

Set of Small Slates & pencils

2

Creyons

Sealing wax one bundle

1

Miller’s edition of Lineus in 2 Vol:

Books

Maps

Charts

Blank Vocabularies

Writing paper

1

Pair large brass money scales with two setts of weights.

Arms & Accoutrements

15

Rifle

15

Powder Horns & pouches complete

15

Pairs of Bullet Moulds

15

do. (ditto) Of Wipers or Gun worms

15

Ball Screws

24

Pipe Tomahawks

24

large knives

Extra parts of Locks & tools for repairing arms

15

Gun Slings

500

best Flints


Ammunition

200

Lbs. Best rifle powder

400

lbs. Lead

Clothing

15

3 pt. Blankets

15

Watch Coats with Hoods & belts

15

Woolen Overalls

15

Rifle Frocks of waterproof Cloth if possible

30

Pairs of Socks or half Stockings

20

Fatigue Frocks or hinting shirts

30

Shirts of Strong linnen

30

yds. Common flannel.


Camp Equipage

6

Copper kettles (1 of 5 Gallons, 1 of 3, 2 of 2, & 2 of 1)

35

falling Axes.

4

Drawing Knives, short & strong

2

Augers of the patent kind.

1

Small permanent Vice

1

Hand Vice

36

Gimblets assorted

24

Files do. (ditto)

12

Chisels do. (ditto)

10

Nails do. (ditto)

2

Steel plate hand saws

2

Vials of Phosforus

1

do. (ditto) Of Phosforus made of allum & sugar

4

Groce fishing Hooks assorted

12

Bunches of Drum Line

2

Foot Adzes

12

Bunches of Small cord

2

Pick Axes

3

Coils of rope

2

Spades

12

Bunches Small fishing line assorted

1

lb. Turkey or Oil Stone

1

Iron Mill for Grinding Corn

20

yds. Oil linnen for wrapping & securing Articles

10

yds do. do. (ditto) Of thicker quality for covering and lining boxes. &c

40

yds Do. Do. (ditto) To form two half faced Tents or Shelters.

4

Tin blowing Trumpets

2

hand or spiral spring Steelyards

20

yds Strong Oznaburgs (strong cloth)

24

Iron Spoons

24

Pint Tin Cups (without handles)

30

Steels for striking or making fire

100

Flints for do. do. do. (ditto)

2

Frows

6

Saddlers large Needles

6

Do. (ditto) Large Awls

Muscatoe Curtains

2

patent chamber lamps & wicks

15

Oil Cloth Bags for securing provision

1

Sea Grass Hammock

Provisions and Means of Subsistence

150

lbs. Portable Soup.

3

bushels of Allum or Rock Salt

Spicies assorted

6

Kegs of 5 Gallons each making 30 Gallons of rectified pirits such as is used for the Indian trade

6

Kegs bound with iron Hoops


Indian Presents

5

lbs. White Wampum

5

lbs. White Glass Beads mostly small

20

lbs. Red Do. Do. (ditto) Assorted

5

lbs. Yellow or Orange Do. Do. (ditto) Assorted

30

Calico Shirts

12

Pieces of East India muslin Hanckerchiefs striped or check’d with brilliant Colours.

12

Red Silk Hanckerchiefs

144

Small cheap looking Glasses

100

Burning Glasses

4

Vials of Phosforus

288

Steels for striking fire

144

Small cheap Scizors

20

Pair large Do. (ditto)

12

Groces Needles Assorted No. 1 to 8 Common points

12

Groces Do. (ditto) Assorted with points for sewing leather

288

Common brass thimbles – part W. office

10

lbs. Sewing Thread assorted

24

Hanks Sewing Silk

8

lbs. Red Lead

2

lbs. Vermillion – at War Office

288

Knives Small such as are generally used for the Indian trade, with fix’d blades & handles inlaid with brass

36

Large knives

36

Pipe Tomahawks – at H. Ferry

12

lbs. Brass wire Assorted

12

lbs. Iron do. Do. (ditto) generally large

6

Belts of narrow Ribbons colours assorted

50

lbs. Spun Tobacco.

20

Small falling axes to be obtained in Tennessee

40

fish Griggs such as the Indians use with a single barbed point – at Harper’s ferry

3

Groce fishing Hooks assorted

3

Groce Mockerson awls assorted

50

lbs. Powder secured in a Keg covered with oil Cloth

24

Belts of Worsted feiret (woven wool tape) or Gartering Colours brilliant and Assorted

15

Sheets of Copper Cut into strips of an inch in width & a foot long

20

Sheets of Tin

12

lbs. Strips of Sheet iron 1 In. wide 1 foot long

1

Pc. Red Cloth second quality

1

Nest of 8 or 9 small copper kettles

100

Block-tin rings cheap kind ornamented with Colour’d Glass or Mock-Stone

2

Groces of brass Curtain Rings & sufficently large for the Finger

1

Groce Cast Iron Combs

18

Cheap brass Combs

24

Blankets.

12

Arm Bands Silver at War Office

12

Wrist do. do. Do. (ditto)

36

Ear Trinkets Do. Part do. (ditto)

6

Groces Drops of Do. Part Do. (ditto)

4

doz Rings for Fingers of do. (ditto)

4

Groces Broaches of do. (ditto)

12

Small Medals do. (ditto)

Means of Transportation

1

Keeled Boat light strong at least 60 feet in length her burthen equal to 8 Tons

1

Iron frame of Canoe 40 feet long

1

Large Wooden Canoe

12

Spikes for Setting-Poles

4

Boat Hooks & points Complete

2

Chains & Pad-Locks for confining the Boat & Canoes &c.

Medicine

15

lbs. Best powder’s Bark

10

lbs. Epsom or Glauber Salts

4

oz. Calomel

12

oz. Opium

_

oz. Tarter emetic

8

oz. Borax

4

oz. Powder’d Ipecacuana

8

oz. Powder Jalap

8

oz. Powdered Rhubarb

6

Best lancets

2

oz. White Vitriol

4

oz. Lacteaum Saturni

4

Pewter Penis syringes

1

Flour of Sulphur

3

Clyster pipes

4

oz. Turlingtons Balsam

2

lbs. Yellow Bascilicum

2

Sticks of Symple Diachylon

1

lb. Blistering Ointments

2

lbs. Nitre

2

lbs. Coperas


Materials for making up the Various Articles into portable Packs

30

Sheep skins taken off the Animal as perfectly whole aspossible, without being split on the belly as usual and dress’d only with lime to free them from the wool; or otherwise about the same quantity of Oil Cloth bags well painted

Raw hide for pack strings

Dress’d letter for Hoppus (knapsack)-Straps

Other packing

 

Lessons Learned From The Lewis & Clark List

From a preparedness standpoint, I enjoyed discovering the categories of what Lewis and Clark deemed important for their expedition.

INSTRUMENTS
Navigation, weighing, measuring, writing, reading

ARMS & AMMUNTION
Weapons, rifles, knives, powder & lead

CLOTHING
The basics. Wool and strong linens.

CAMP GEAR
Lots of Axes! (Need wood for fire). Plenty of cordage. Lots of flint (Fire!). Cooking gear. They had the 5 C’s of survivability covered pretty well within the entire list here (cutting, combustion, cover (shelter), cordage, container (cooking) ).

PROVISIONS/FOOD
Portable soup? (lots of that). Lots of salt. Lots of ‘rectified spirits’ (alcohol).
Soup-Salt-Booze…

INDIAN PRESENTS
Lots of stuff here! Barter. Make peace. Avoid getting scalped.

TRANSPORTATION
Boats and Canoes. Missouri River travel.

MEDICINE
How interesting to look at this list before the days of modern medicine. This was ‘modern’ for its day…

MATERIALS FOR PACKS
You couldn’t go down to Cabellas and buy 30 backpacks. You had to make them yourself…

 
What’s your takeaway from this list? Interesting?

 
More about the expedition: (Wikipedia)

More: 1816 – Year Without A Summer – Massive Crop Failure, Food Shortages



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