A fire needs 3 things to burn. Heat, Oxygen, Fuel.
A fire will keep growing until one of those is removed.
Safest Way How to put out a grease fire
If a grease fire is burning in a pan:
Do Not Panic! You can do this…
REMOVE THE OXYGEN
1. Put on Oven Mitts to protect your hands.
2a. Slide the pan’s lid across the top to smother the flames.
2b. Or, use a cookie sheet and Slide it over the top of the burning pan.
3. Shut off the burner to stop adding heat.
4. Leave the pan alone and don’t remove the lid until it has cooled completely.
Other ways How to put out a grease fire
Grease Fire Extinguisher
Use a class B or BC or ABC Fire Extinguisher.
Like this one, light weight and convenient for the kitchen:
First Alert Fire Extinguishing Aerosol Spray
This ABC fire extinguisher is the classic and most popular on the market:
Note: A Fire Extinguisher may release more pressure than you realize. So start at a distance away and move towards the fire, rather than up-close spraying directly on to the burning grease which could tip the pan and spread the fire.
A purpose designed 3×3 foot fire blanket. I wrote about the fire blanket ( here ).
Carefully pour a good amount of baking soda onto the grease fire.
Soak a towel under the faucet, wring out the excess dripping water, and drape over the burning grease pan to smother it. (This is very effective, quick and easy!)
Be sure the towel is not dripping wet! Only damp.
Pouring water on a grease fire will cause it to roar in flames!
Things NOT TO DO with a grease fire
DO NOT move or carry the pan outside, it will fan the flames and risk spreading.
DO NOT douse the grease fire with water, or milk, etc…
If you do, it will explode into a fireball.
DO NOT throw flour on to a grease fire because flour is combustible.
NBC TODAY Show: Kitchen Fire Safety
Example of water on a grease fire, Extinguished by using a wet towel
YOU DO HAVE A SMOKE ALARM, RIGHT?
( This article has been updated to reflect current products & procedures )