Hardiness Zone Map and Frost Dates for your Growing Season

Your growing season is basically determined by your climate. Growing season factors include your geographical location, elevation, temperature range, first and last frost dates, daylight hours, and rainfall.

The growing season is often summarized as the days between first and last frost.

In parts of the northern United States this might be roughly April/May to about October. In milder regions it might be roughly February/March to November or longer.

Here are a few online tools to help determine finer details of your growing season.

Planting Zones

The USDA Agricultural Research Service updated and revised their Hardiness Zones Map for the United States during 2012. It’s now more specific with finer resolution and specific interactive information with granularity to your local region.

The Plant Hardiness Zone Map can be used as a tool to determine which plants are most likely to thrive at a location.

Plant Hardiness Zones Map KEY


While looking at the map ‘key’, you can see how the zone numbers are scaled to finer detail with the alpha subsets (e.g. 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, etc.). The temperature represent the extreme minimums for that given zone – kind of a worst-case scenario.

You can select State, Regional, or National views, in various resolutions. You can view, download and save, and even print the maps:

Online Hardiness Zone Map

For even finer resolution:

Interactive Hardiness Zone Map

You can zoom in right to your town – providing an additional level of granularity of local variations. By clicking on any point within the map you will be presented with more information about that area – the specific average (extreme) cold temperature, latitude-longitude, etc.

First and Last Frost Date

Your planting zone is a good guide, but more information is better. Knowing the fist and last frost date for your region will help you narrow down the time of your growing season.

Just enter your zip code (or city, state). The results will also include the number of growing days available (based on average frost dates).

Online Frost Dates Calculator

Unfortunately after checking my location, it just said “year-round risk”.
(sad face)

An excellent book: Joy of Gardening

A few crop suggestions for planting very early, early, or thereafter:

Very Early Spring

Early Spring

After Last Frost Date

The Vegetable Gardener’s Bible

Similar Posts


    1. No, they will be changing with the Grand Solar Minimum as the WHOLE world goes through a mini ice age!

  1. Good Morning Ken, I am looking out at a dusting of snow and grumbling :-)

    So have you accumulated a large stock of ugly blankets and tree trimmings for your year round frost protection? I find synthetic blankets do not rot unless stored soaking wet. As nailbanger mentioned some commercial row covers are damaged by larger birds so what do we do given Turkeys cruise our area? So far I have not seen Turkeys do more than nudge my ugly blankets.

    I am planning an experimental Hypocaust heated raised bed this spring as even a little rise in soil temperatures can make earlier planting and with frost covers some later growing? I have built solar hot air heaters and have the possibility of using them with the hypocaust ducting.

    The old farmers used hot beds/frames where a trench is dug fresh manure laid with soil over to plant in the now warmed by manure decay heated soil. Used mainly by market farmers because they were paid very well for the early crop. However currently I do not see a large amount of horse manure available aside from Gov.com bloviating available.


    1. If you have a winery nearby. you could use grape seed for the heating compost. Really any high nitrogen waste product will do. When using bottom heat you don’t need a lot.

  2. Today is April 20.

    Here is a picture of what I woke up with this morning:
    Seriously, this is getting ridiculous!

    Snow on April 20th!

    Looks like further delay of the garden!

    1. We have been 60s and 70s this week. Lows in the mid 30s. Must be because folks in Wyoming generally don’t believe in global warming.

    2. Wow,,,
      Is pretty though!
      We havent really had a sunny day here in weeks, and overall more wet or cloudy days in a row than i can ever remember.
      Stay warm!

  3. Ken,

    You are up early today. Thank you for the links.

    I checked the soil temp of my planters and raised beds yesterday afternoon. They were 55 -58 degrees. This morning they were at 45.

    We are not expecting any freezing temperatures for the next week, so I will start planting today. Lettuce, radish, peas, etc. say I can plant with a soil temp of 40-45. According to your chart, my last frost date is May 19. But I planted some cold season seeds last year on April 20 and they were all ok except the kohlrabi.

    I will plant some seeds today and this weekend and some next weekend; then every 2 weeks. At first, I will keep them covered at night. Potatoes and carrots should be ok in a couple of weeks. Tomatoes should be ok to transplant in about 4 weeks depending on the weather. Beans, squash, cukes, ground cherries, melons, peppers, etc. will wait until around May 31. I already planted my herbs indoors and will carry those pots outside in June.

    1. In general the greens, peas, and brassicas love the cold. Plant those whenever (as soon as the soil can be worked) and they’ll just pop up when the temps are right. So no guessing. Once established they’ll survive freezing temperatures as well.

      1. Lauren, you are right. I have some spinach and pak choi, too. But I am starting on some radishes and Little Gem lettuce because the radishes take 23 days and the Little Gem supposedly takes 30 days. They will go in my tomato bed and will be done or almost done by the time I am ready to plant my tomatoes. (If they still have a little way to go, no problem, because the tomato plants will still be small and fit in the center of the bed. The radishes and lettuce will fit around the edges.) Later I will plant some other varieties of greens, radishes, and other root vegetables in other beds or planters. I have a small yard, so I have to plan to make use of all available space.

  4. Hey Ken

    I loaded the “recent comments” page 3 times, I am only gettin five comments on the page. The name and article title usually appears in red, now all in black.

    Much cooler than normal here too, hard frost this mornin. Normally “good friday” is the “official” garden plantin day around here. I am still holdin off due to cold nights. April 20 is purty late for frost here. I have seen it frost toward the end of april but that is the exception rather than the rule.

    1. @wood56gas, there was an update – just fixed it. Thanks for the heads-up.

      And regarding the cool weather, it certainly has been much cooler than normal this Spring in lots of the country!

      1. I always suspect my setup bein the problem. I am usin a 50 year old smith-corona typewriter wired into an old vac tube black and white TV.

        It’s been much wetter than normal here too so far this year. I finally did get the garden worked up yesterday. I did notice a couple days ago that kudzu is puttin out new shoots. My memory ain’t all that good, but I am thinkin it’s usually mid may before I see that.

  5. This subject touches very closely on something I have been thinking about and wondering how I would plan for. Recently, there has been a lot of news about the super volcano in Yellowstone erupting with the resulting change in the weather, extended snow /freezing temperature season. Even though Texas is far from Yellowstone, weather maps clearly show that the weather of Texas would be effected significantly. Clearly, many here on MSBLOG would not survive because of where they live, ( sorry Ken). So my question, “what corrective action do I need to take?” I need ideas from you folks that presently live in these colder areas, particularly in the area of gardening. Here in Texas cold weather is not usually a gardening issue. Many thanks to all who share their experiences.

    1. Texas Boy from what I have read about the Yellowstone Super Volcano even the most moderate scientist sounding reports says a good portion of this planet will starve to death in about a year after it blows due to temperature dropping and general bad farming weather/damage to tractors due to abrasive dust etc.. Northern hemisphere will get it worst but I suspect moving to Brazil is not in your plans?

      If that blows then it’s God’s version of nuclear winter so…

    2. Texas Boy.

      Where in Texas do you live? Depending on the wind and severity of the eruption, you could be looking at an inch or more of volcanic ash falling on your roof and getting into your lungs. Volcanic ash is nasty stuff; made of sharp particles that tear holes in your lungs and cause a slow death. Ash is very heavy. An inch of ash could collapse your roof or at least damage it. And it would make agriculture impossible for decades to come.

      So, either move to Brownsville or invest in a very strong roof, lots of face masks, and lots of stored food. You might consider storing material for a greenhouse in your basement (to protect it from falling ash.)

      Anyone who lives in one of the Northern States will have way too much ash for a garden. Luckily, I live in Wyoming, so my death will be quick.

    3. Texas boy, don’t write us off just yet. Ken’s earlier article re the year of no summer is an example of people surviving major atmospheric changes. 2 times in recorded history these events occurred and folks came through. Think minimum 1 year supply but ideally 2 years. To your question, we are building a green house and will have a North facing wall painted black with water barrels adjacent to capture the heat of the day. The sun is South in our area and will heat wall and barrels nicely. Additionally a small wood stove inside to raise temperatures when needed. Also research solar furnace on you tube made of aluminum cans and plywood frames. Just a few examples.

      1. I really think that in a major eruption, the problem in the United States will not be nuclear winter, but falling ash. They say there was 3-6 feet near the volcano last time and 1-3 inches in southern Florida and southern Texas.

        People in Europe and Asia will have a year or more without winter.

    4. Texas boy and all;

      If Yellowstone decides to pop, a Garden will be a non worry, the stats I see/read is that well over 50% of the country will be under 2-3 HUNDRED feet of ash (Billions of tons of ash), the Sun will be blocked out for well over 10 years and temps of the World will drop to sub -50 at the Equator…..

      But, what dose an old fart like me know?

    5. Well I live in a colder region but do not have the knowledge to help you with gardening.

      But as for a eruption from Yellowstone. It would depend on the size, they can vary greatly. But assuming it would be a near full eruption. There are a few things to consider.

      It would plunge global temperatures and cause mass death world wide due to crop failure. The ash blocks out a percentage of the sunlight. This would likely lead to anarchy and crime once resources become unavailable.

      Many unprepared in the North would flea to the south. Places like Texas and other states further away from the eruption will have many refugees (Lots). While southern states would be warmer, security concerns can not be overstated.

      Depending on the wind, most of Texas would likely be hit by significant but not ridiculous amounts of ash, several centimeters. This would poison the soil and water for a time.

      A bad Yellowstone eruption could potentially kill billions. The dead bodies alone would cause a plague.

      Even for experienced preppers, this is a nightmare scenario. This is why I do not prepare for it specifically.

      1. Not too sure about poison as my family ranch was down wind from St Hellens when it blew. Not the same level of power but went indeed. Improved the soil for years.

        1. Thats all the phosphorous sulfur and micronutrients, is part of why the soils here are so fertile when they have high levels of ash in them, but like everything theres a line between ok and too much

        2. NH MIKE ,,,,my Washington ranch is close to the blast zone ,,,first two years after it took some work to get things to grow ,three feet of ash in spots, most often three inches more or less ,, the sulfur smell was there when plowed ,in the long run was good for the land ,,,
          Still hit ash with the chain saw in tree bark ,almost as bad as hitting a rock for dulling the chain ,,place couple hundred miles down wind had one to two inches was hard on hay equipment first couple years ,, in short of the blast it was just a pain in the @$$ ,,, it was doable,,, but did need to shelter cows till it rained ,,and one needs to keep the roofs clean and don’t use water to do it,,,,

          1. Old Homesteader,
            Friend of mine who lives up there had ash drifting in his equipment yard 3-4’ deep, he said he would take 10’ deep snow drifts over that crap anyday,,,
            I can imagine it was hell on the farm equipment, all the bearings and other wear parts, that fine pummice is super abrasive, is like using rubbing compound to clean your teeth!

        3. Good point, ya I was only referring to the short term. Volcanic ash does have good stuff in it.

          The ash brings with it problems such as soluble salts, acidity and turbidity that will affect the water quality. This makes the water bad for a while, you can clean the water with the right knowledge and materials. This is temporary.

          The crop issue is different. Once the ash reaches large amounts it kills plants. The ash isn’t great until it mixes into the soil. This can happen quickly in wet climates and more slowly in dry climates. In the long term it is very good for soil.

          So if your the right distance from the super volcano and get a good amount of Ash, after water washes it into the soil and the temperature and sunlight return to normal after several years. You will have great farming land.

          The trick is surviving until then.

      2. We are far south enough in NM that we would get about the same ash we did while living in AK when Redout went off. It was winter and the ash sat on top of the snow but that summer we had an extremely fertile soil. The only good thing. With Yellowstone though it would be big enough to block out a lot of the sun. Fertile ground won’t mean a lot.

  6. I have ‘year round risk’ also. High desert of Central,Oregon. It’s not like we have real dirt either. Granulated rock (sand) is more like it. This was my first winter here and it was actually pretty mild (so they say) for the area. The year before it was part of the area that got hit really hard along with parts of Idaho and had -20 temps. I plan on doing a couple of deck planters is all. With the talk of ugly blankets and such I notice that Home Depot is selling “plankets” : ) they didn’t have a price point of them yet. I’m sure that they are not the cheapest option.

  7. There is always a bright side – winter came early in October here so I did not get a chance to prune the raspberries. Now the frozen ground is so nice to walk on instead of mud in the garden. Pruning done and garden cleanup is underway with a jack hammer. Good weather for cutting firewood for the ten year winter NRP mentioned,

  8. I am in region 4a. Which should be challenge some day, 113 growing days according to that website. Good news is that we have good soil to start with. I am hoping to have a green house some day to keep produce coming in more months of the year. I need to get some acres though before that, saving up for a property outside of town. Glad I am only a prepper and have an interest in hobby farming. Definitely not ready to be reliant on farming, I would starve.

  9. Wow! Checked the “last frost date” for my area. Don’t think I want to go with that. Add two more weeks, and maybe. Had frost as I looked outside this morning. May 1 st. is a little early for north Idaho.

    1. BBC
      I’m thinking third week of May in North Idaho – even with my poly covered raised beds. I did an experiment a couple of years ago. I planted early in May under the poly and then planted the same crop two weeks later – to my surprise, they both matured at the same time. Many of my vegis are done by mid August so why do I need to chance a freeze at the beginning?

      1. Hermit US
        I have found the same thing. I plant a bit in the greenhouse and again in two weeks but they both mature at the same time. In late summer I planted and they barely grew. Perhaps it is the strength of the sunlight. Water and temperature seemed the same.
        As to volcanic ash, a large roll of plastic to cover your garden soil would keep it clean. There will be plenty of ash around to shovel on the soil if you want the nutrients and you can determine the quantity. The plastic would also work for radioactive dust. Just roll it up gently.

    2. Yeah, our area said last frost date would be May 22, which seems early. We don’t plant warm crops till after Memorial Day and it has been a long, cold winter and spring with frost still this morning and snow last week.

      We have been considering a greenhouse but with the extremely high winds, I want to start by adding some higher planter boxes that would allow us to plant early/late and cover with plastic. Then the wind won’t be an issue. Our animal housing is made more squat as a countermeasure to the wind.

    1. Nailbanger
      The economy appears to be going great – new homes, business expansions – but the most successful seem to be groups with varied and extensive resources – some religious groups weathered the last number of years well and are now in full development mode. That is north Idaho, further down Sandpoint, Coeur da’lene, over to Spokane are doing great – I think mainly from people with money moving in from Cali.

      1. I am looking to move, still need to work though, so hope they can use another carpenter/finish/cabinetmaker

        1. Nailbanger
          I suggest you look up some smaller building supply stores, truss companies, cabinet manufacturers, … in the area that is of interest and write them for information – good help is always hard to find.

          1. Well that, and good help who knows the trades and is also computer literate and proficient in AutoCAD

          2. You would fit right in – one of the most hated jobs is that of reading plans, doing quotes and modifying plans with customers that want more features in a smaller and cheaper house. Are you good with people ? haha

          3. Hermit,
            Put it this way,
            I am if i feel i need to be,,,
            The rest of the time its like im running a sociology experiment

        2. Nailbanger, there’s a lot of building going on around here. So, if your good at your trade, you should be able to snag a job. Especially this time of year.

  10. Think of heading further south, hopefully there will not be a wall in the way. More seriously though, Harry Turtledove did a fictional trilogy on Yellowstone blowing up. His research was top notch (IMHO). Eruption, All Fall Down and Things Fall Apart were the books in his series titled Supervolcano.

    It was an entertaining read. My take on it was the most difficult part would be travel both for animals and vehicles. Think about breathing in a sandstorm, now substitute volcanic ash for sand, rock turned to ash is like finely ground glass. Breathing it without filtration will cut your lungs up, Your filters will clog up quickly and your air filter on the truck will need to be changed a lot. Ash fall will be measured in inches in some places, feet in others. Remember the ash is made from rock and is very fine. How ever when you you have 2 to 3 feet of it on your roof it will be the equivalent of 2 to 3 feet of rock on your roof. I don’t know about our house but if that happened on mine my roof would become part of my floor! Areas closer to the volcano wold be measured in meters of ash. That’s multiple meters and for those not metrically inclined a meter is a bit over 39 inches.

    Now for the good news, it might not happen for thousands of years. Now for the bad news it might happen sooner.

    1. Everyone knows how bad the ash is for your lungs. When we had the volcano in AK and it went toward Palmer-Wasilla, they closed the town down and after covering computers, we went to pickup our grade school daughter. The ash was coming down like a heavy snowstorm and they sent the kids out to play in the stuff. I said a lot of very choice words the the administration. Unbelieveable

    2. Don’t know how you got on to super volcanos, but when St. Helens blew, I got an inch or two of ash here in Idaho. And yes, it was like a snowstorm when it was coming down. Didn’t bother us much though. I just put on a filter mask, and went outside the next day and did what I had to do. The good news was, that it was great fertilizer for the vegie garden etc. Had a great garden for years after that.

  11. Snowing here in my part of the Rockies. Expect snow all weekend. NOT going to stop me from working in the greenhouse though! Extra layer of hoop for the newly planted items. should be OK. Have planted many times now in April and been happy with results.
    On the other hand….COWS still wanting hay. Makes for a long feeding winter when we have to deliver hay in late April early May.
    AND, the BEARS are up and saying hello.

    1. Pioneer Woman – Speaking of cows, when does calving season usually start in your area?

      CD in Oklahoma

      1. Most calves are dropped in late January to early March here. Mine were Late Dec and early February (a bit off schedule)

    2. PW
      In referencing “extra layer of hoop”, are you stating, you have one hoop housing covering another hoop, but set farther out which gives better insulation to the inner hoop?

      I often wondered if any one had good success with this method. Logically it would provide a extra layer of insulation in the colder climates to retain heat for earlier production.

      1. AC
        Its pretty common practice to use small hoops and a row cover, usually a heavy row cover inside of a hoop house, lots of folks use the double film that uses a small blower yo inflate between the layers too, both methods real effective in season extension,

      2. AC,,,,,a 20ft wide high tunnel in side a 30ft greenhouse ,,,you pull the tunnel out as thing warm up,,,,,,,, but much better is to just inflate a double poly cover,,,,much less work ,,,,,and I think that works better ,,,nothing like having fresh sweetcorn in a snowstorm,,
        Yes you still need heat and light for that ,, but worth it ,,,
        Tea is ready
        John galt is alive and well

        1. That corn in the tunnel sounds good, run some sheep through there after harvest or maybe do 3 sisters in the tunnel, real good mix, add in the livestock intermittent, good mix, the less heavy equipment you run through there even better, that soil will be healthy if ya mulch your crops then mulch the crop waste with a walk behind like a BCS with a flail or just drive the same track with a tractor, do corn with greens to start, early cut the greens then plant the pole beans, then seed the squash or pumpkins at 6 weeks, under seed it with medic or clover, mulch it down when the squash comes off then plant transplant tomatos and peppers and broccoli,

          1. NAILBANGER ,,,,,, chickens at the end of season and over winter ,, then orchard tractor with tiller ,,, sometimes a truck load of chicken bedding,,,and lime

            Local fresh corn in April 2.50 a ear ,,,2500 ears
            That’s when most people are still thinking about planting around here ,,,,,
            of course 4 mounths later your lucky to get .25 a ear,,,only problem is the house is tyed up For start season,,,and having to do the work ,,damm I’m getting lazy in my old age,,

          2. Homesteader, not lazy bud, just tired from life, thats the way it goes, enjoy!
            Have some tea for me bud

  12. Texas Boy. We live on the Canadian Prairies in zone 2b/3a & we make out fine. Of course Pineapples & avacadoes are out but all the basis are fine…peas, carrots, beets, beans, corn potatoes, winter squash cauliflower, broccoli, tomatoes, & many others. Just look for early varieties.

      1. Here in the part of the Yukon where I live, we have an average of 21 days of frost free days. People still grow great gardens, 24 hours of daylight does a lot to counter act the cold nights. Obviously you have to pay attention and cover your rows when frost is likely. BTW that figure of 21 days is official government figure, the lowest frost free days in the Yukon.

  13. May 9th possible last frost dat with Oct. 3rd for the fall, Memorial weekend is planting time, black fly season. Nice snow Ken, we had a skiff this morning, please keep it over there. How`s the quote go “I’m sick of it!” 😩

  14. We had snow last week and 68 degrees yesterday and it is already 59 this morning . Lots of blue sky , except for the straight white clouds left by jets. Most folks here do not plant outdoors until Mothers Day in May. We usually have our last frost by then and mid October is normally our first frost in the fall. I am in zone 6B. We keep a record of the frost dates each year to help us plan our gardening schedule.
    Beautiful snow pictures Ken.

  15. A good “rule of thumb” that we usually follow is not to plant until after Easter. This year however, that went right out the window. We’re in the South and we had a frost warning last night, and frost on the ground a few mornings ago!
    I don’t buy into the Anthropogenic Global Warming or climate change much, and I do remember back in ’85 and ’94 we had wild winters and springs, but it is annoying! It’s like winter and spring are arguing, and winter keeps charging back into the room and hollering “And another thing!”

  16. Ken;
    I believe your map lies…. HAHAHAHA
    Around my hunk of soil if ya plant before Memorial Day, even with hardy plants, they’ll be compost in a couple of weeks for sure.
    Remember on year many moons ago, we got a 2″ snow on June 17th, that was a real bummer.18″ high tomatoes with 2″ of snow on them…. NOT a pretty sight :-(

    1. NRP,
      Yeah, that is not so bad. you could be living in Leadville, growing season of two weeks I believe. And why are you trying to grow tomatoes down there??? everyone knows the only thing you can grow in the 4-corners are chilis!

      1. Minerjim;
        Odd you mention Chilies, was just visiting a friend, they want me to grow them 18 Thai Dragon 10 Jalapeño and 4 Habanero plants for them….. Thinking on tossing in a few Carolina Reaper just cause… hehehehe

        1. NRP,
          Tell me, does NM make you put up an “Exclusion Zone” around where you grow those hot chilies? Or is that only on my side of the border in Colorado? (we seem to be so much more ‘sensitive’ folk over here you know.) Any truth to the old story of the chilies being hotter in taste if they are grown in a hotter summer temperature?

          1. Minerjim;
            Not sure about the “Exclusion Zone” but I have little to no problems with the wild animals eating the peppers.

            FYI the really HOT!!!!! peppers aka (Carolina Reaper, Dragon’s Breath, Pepper X and of course the Trinidad Moruga Scorpion) come out of Area 51… hehehehe

          2. Minerjim;
            Please remember that the Carolina Reaper averages around 2,200,000 SHU, that’s 600x hotter than a Jalapeno or 20x hotter than a habanero.
            So yeah, a little warm when ya add one to a Bloody Mary on Sunday Morning. LOLOL

          3. NRP
            Those Dragons breath are great in salsa and kung pao, good taste for such hot peppers

          4. NRP,
            Oh! You mean them thermonuclear, x-files grade chilies! Not those mamby-pamby Hatch kind. I bet those “scorpions” would make a real fine hootch,… I mean “organic solvent”. Take the rust right off.

    2. I plant out the first week of May. You just have to learn how to protect your plants. Watch the weather forecast. If you are having a frost COVER! All my tomatoes and peppers and some other things go in walls of water. They are good down to 15 degrees. I also put a pillow case over the top. Won’t tell you what that looks like but it works. Everything else gets covered with sheet or flannel sheets. Put plastic milk or water jugs over the new plants and if you have a frost you can cover them with a sheet without hurting the new plant. I even put sheets vertically on the inside and outside of a fence if the climbers, have started growing. It takes work but it is worth it.

      1. old lady;
        I agree 1000%, but like you said time, but in 252 days, 1 hour, 17 minutes and 32 seconds……

  17. Ken,
    Good introduction to Ag zones which will give you a rough idea of the extremes you might experience, and tell you that you can’t grow bananas in Montana. (hi-hi) As for digging deeper into what will grow and produce…… you have to look at GROWING HEAT DEGREE-DAYS, which is a measure of how many days you have temperatures above a given base temperature, usually 60F. It is a measure of heat content, (it is the sum of the actual days above the base temp multiplied by the average temperature of that day. So one day with an average temperature of say 75 degrees would have 15 degree-days ( 75-60F0 x 1 day), then you have to add the total degree days in the growing season for your area.) But this is all done for you by the weather dudes. You can likely find the growing degree-days on your State’s climate data. Each crop has an average required degree-day total needed to produce. When I was trying to find a place to grow grapes, I checked out the growing degree days required for grapes, then tried to find places where those degree days were available in my area. Fortunately for me, grapes need about the same heat degree days as sweet corn.
    Sorry this is so technical, but check into this. it is a much better way of figuring out between if something will grow, and if something will actually grow and produce in your area.

  18. We are zone 6b. Just had the garden plowed this week. I will start planting this weekend. I usually have cabbage, onions and potatoes in the ground by now but we have been getting a lot of rain. We had a light frost last week but I expect that to be the last one.

    1. I am in zone 7a, I have had the potatoes beets,onions, turnips, potatoes and radishes out since last of March… in raised beds, have had to cover everything,…all of these are alive but stunted…, we Have had three light freezes and several frosts… having warmer temps for several days and nights back up around 48 for lows..should start growing now…typically we can plant almost anything by Easter… not this year.. maybe by Mothers Day.. May Bee’s can be small.

  19. Here in Tennessee April 15th was always safe to plant tomatoes and other warm crops. Not this year!!! I do remember a freeze in late April/1985 or so. Appox every 11 years we have a solar minimum which brings cold weather. I tracked back in time with the local records and it is so!
    What science is saying at this time is we are due a Grand Solar Minimum with decades of cold. If this happens we will not have to worry about politics, bombs, or crazy dictators. They will have their hands full keeping the masses from starving and rioting. So will the USA…………………. Buy more wheat, corn and oats!!!!!!!!

    1. Spoke to a nice person at Pleasant Hill Grain. I asked her about the weather in Nebraska. Crazy she said. Warm then snowing 2 inches or more. Also mentioned that she was hearing scary stories about the grain growers in Kansas dealing with the cold weather. So, just wanted to pass along the info. We never really know what will happen, but for sure all the life styling going on is not for naught…………………..

    2. Mrs. USMCBG when the Grand Solar Minimum occurs unfortunately there will be plenty of time for politics, bombs (used when fighting over whatever foodstuffs available) and crazed Gov.com stealing everything they can to keep themselves in power. Food is a weapon to stay in power.

      Expect and plan for the worst and Give thanks for whatever blessing comes your way.

  20. Per ACDH, requested that I let all of you know when we exited Montana a few decades ago. It was snowing behind us when we left and that was the beginning of June.
    Growing season up there was iffy. One summer it rained on the 4th of July, cold enough for a fire in the fire place,,mother nature is fickle .

    1. AC ,,,, had snow on memorial day in Casper Wyoming ,,,frost forth of July at the kids ranch in Douglas Wyoming ,,then 80 that afternoon,,,,,but then that was before global warming,HA HA

    2. AC ,,,, had snow on memorial day in Casper Wyoming ,,,frost forth of July at the kids ranch in Douglas Wyoming ,,then 80 that afternoon,,,,,but then that was before global warming,HA HA

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