LDS Food Storage List For One Year

Among the many resources for sorting out your survival preparedness regarding long-term food storage is the LDS church (Latter-day Saints).

Written on the cover of the LDS Preparedness manual is a Proverb which reads,

“The prudent see danger and take refuge, but the simple keep going and suffer for it.”

This seems to generally sum up the preparedness movement whereby critical-thinking people are preparing for potential dangers ahead.

>> LDS Preparedness Manual by Christopher Parrett
(view on amzn)

Note: The manual is not an official publication of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. The numbers quoted in this article are not declarations of The Church, merely recommendations by some of its members.

I have LOTS of recommendations about FOOD STOAGE on this site. I recommend that you check out the Food & Kitchen category up in the menu listing. Use our Search function too.

In general I go way beyond what’s listed here. I highly suggest diversification rather than bulking up too much on just grains, legumes, and other important staples. Instead, although I absolutely do utilize storage of those dry goods, I include much more and lots of variety. Again, check out my other articles…

With that said, I wanted to post specifically about the food list for 1 year as recommended within the manual linked above. It simply provides another outlook.

Here is that list of bare minimum food storage for one adult male, for one year:

Grains (400lbs)

Unless your family already eats 100% whole wheat homemade bread, white flour should be used in the transition process to whole wheat. Adding rye flour (10%) helps make wheat bread a more complete protein. Dent corn is used to make tortillas.

Beans & Legumes (90lbs)

(Bare minimum was reduced by LDS church to 60lbs in 2002)

Black beans cook quickly, make a good salad complement with a vinaigrette dressing over them. Soybeans can be used to make soy milk and tofu, a protein food you should be prepared to make. Familiarize yourself with sprouting techniques. Learn how to make wheat grass juice – the best vitamin supplement you can use.

Milk-Dairy products (75lbs)

(Bare minimum reduced by LDS church to 16lbs in 2002)

Milk powder can be used to make cottage cheese, cream cheese and hard cheeses. Ideally your milk should be fortified with Vitamins A & D. When reconstituting aerate to improve flavor (special mixing pitchers can accomplish this). Whole eggs are the best all-purpose egg product. Powdered sour cream has a limited shelf life unless frozen.

Meats / Meat substitute (20lbs)

(Bare minimum reduced by LDS church to ZERO in 2002)

Use meat in soups, stews and beans for flavor. Freeze dried is the best option for real meat. Textured Vegetable protein is the main alternative to freeze dried meats.

Fats / Oils (20lbs)

This group can boost the calories one is getting from food storage products, and supply essential fatty acids.

Sugars (60lbs)

Store your honey in 5 gallon pails. Candy and other sweets can help with appetite fatigue.

Fruits / Vegetables (90lbs)

(Bare minimum reduced by LDS church to ZERO in 2002)

Some fruits and vegetables are best dehydrated, others freeze dried (strawberries & blueberries). Fruits are a nice addition to hot cereal, muffins, pancakes and breads.

Auxiliary foods (weight varies)

Vanilla extract improves the flavor of powdered milk. The production of tofu requires a precipitator such as nigari, epsom salt, calcium chloride or calcium sulfide (good calcium source). Learn how to make and use wheat gluten (liquid smoke adds good flavor). Chocolate syrup and powdered drink mixes help with appetite fatigue. Vitamins and protein powders will boost the nutrition levels of foods that may have suffered losses during processing.


For adults engaged in manual labor multiply by 1.25-1.50
For an average adult Female – multiply the weight by 0.75

Children ages 1-3 multiply by 0.3
For children ages 4-6 multiply by 0.5
For children ages 7-9 multiply by 0.75


Just how big is a Year’s Supply of food?

As explained above, the LDS are now suggesting the following absolute bare minimums for each adult:

400 lbs.
(17.5oz / day)

60 lbs.
(2.6oz / day)

10 quarts
Cooking Oil
(0.87oz / day)

60 lbs.
(2.63oz / day)

8 lbs.
(0.35oz / day)

16 lbs.
Powdered milk
(0.70oz / day)

14 gallons
Drinking water (2-weeks)

So, just how much is this?

Two 5 gallon buckets will hold about 75lbs of wheat, rice or other grains. This means you need 11 buckets of grain for each person in your family.

If you store all your grains in #10 cans…

Wheat, Rice, Corn, etc..
You would need 64 cans or 10.5 cases per person.

You would need 32 cans or 5.25 cases per person.

Rolled oats
These are lighter but bulkier, so they require more storage containers and space.
You would need 124 cans or 21 cases person.

A 25 lb bag of beans will about fit in a single 5 gallon bucket, with a little space over, so 2 buckets would hold a one person supply, or 12 -13 # 10 cans or about 2 cases.

Daily Food
Dividing 400lbs by 365days, equals out to 1.1 lbs, or just over 1 lb of grain, per person, per day. That is approximately 2 cups of unground grain to cover your breakfast lunch and dinner.

Dividing 60lbs by 365, this works out to 0.16 lbs of beans per day, or 2.6oz — approximately 3/4 cup.

This is not much food, folks. Get the basics, then immediately begin to add more kinds of grain, soup mix, canned and/or dehydrated vegetables and fruit, etc to add variety and provide more than the minimal survival diet.

As an example, the minimum recommended amount of grain, when ground and prepared will yield about 6 small biscuits or a plateful of pancakes. Its enough to keep you alive, but a far cry from being satisfied and not hungry.

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  1. There are some thoughtful suggestions here. I never thought of oil as a calorie booster (duh), but that makes perfect sense. It is a lot to bug out with, though.

    1. I cringe every time I read “bugout”. You will leave everything behind: shelter, food, family, friends, neighbors… everything that makes it possible for you to team up and survive. On the road with nothing you become a refugee or a predator until you are shot by someone who stayed home.

      1. The first thing you should do is to avoid telling people you have food stored. You should not tell this even to your family not living with you otherwise you may have 20 relatives going to your house in a case of emergency and asking you to help them to survive. There is no way to store food for 3 persons at the rate suggested for a year so imagine 20 persons. So you will have to plant, sprout, etc. food in case of an emergency. But you do not wait until the emergency happens to start learning how to plant, sprout and on how to can, etc.

        1. On the other hand, 20 other people could bring their survival food and emergency items. I’d welcome family members, who’ll contribute these things. Keep all information very private, “need to know only”!

          1. So for 20 people to survive a year they would everything on this list. If you have 20 and only 10x this list you just cut your survival to 6 months.

    2. If you feel you live in such an unsafe situation, move now. This a huge country and has lots of small towns. Small towns are more likely to team up. Move closer to family if you can.

  2. I store a years supply plus of these items as well as a lot of other foods mostly freeze dried. I generally use something from my stores everyday cooking meals. Most people would agree that beans and grains are pretty basic foods and are a challenge to use everyday and keep a family happy. One of the things I have found is something the NGO’s use to feed starving people in countries that are experiencing a famine. They call this CSB or WSB which stands for Corn Soy Blend or Wheat Soy Blend. But in fact any grain can be used not just wheat or corn and any legume can be used instead of soy.

    The recipe is:
    50% by volume ground wheat, corn, barley or any other grain.
    30% by volume ground beans, peas, soybeans, lentils or other legumes
    10% by volume vegetable oil of any kind
    10% by volume sugar, honey, molasses or other sweetener
    Salt to taste.

    Simply stir this mixture into twice as much (by volume) boiling water and cover it for 15 minutes or so to let it finish cooking (it will stick to the pot, unless you remove it from the fire, but try to keep it hot enough to finish cooking). This can be eaten as is or it can be made into bread, cornbread, biscuits, pancakes, etc. Other available stores can be added to it and with a multivitamin it would provide everything you need to survive. Prior to grinding the ingredients the component foods will store for decades but after grinding (but before mixing with water or oil) it’s storage period is shortened but I have tested it after a year with no change in taste or texture.

    I have fed this to my grandchildren as a hot breakfast cereal and they loved it. They love it cooked as pancakes to. It can be cooked at breakfast and eaten cold at noon. I won’t try to convince you it is “great” cold but it isn’t bad. The taste varies depending on which grain and which legume you use but most variations are pretty good and some are great. Try corn and pinto beans and cook it in the oven like cornbread. You can grind up a bag or two of this mix to use as a bugout or survival food and it goes a long way compared to the same weight of other food.

    1. I made a lot of beef jerky. I added small pieces of jerky to soups… yum! Tastes great.

  3. I know a few people that store food but don’t store oils or other fats. This is critical to have on hand. People who eat mostly prepackaged foods find there is enough fats in those items but once you start cooking from scratch you will need fats to add to your cooking.

    1. I don’t really buy the whole “low fat” thing anyway. USA has been on a low fat Kick for about 40 years and we’re bigger than ever. We are going to have to admit: We just eat too much.

      1. Satiation: feeling of being full and content… fat gives Satiation as well. Without fat you continue to eat. A bit extra fat helps on a low variety diet.

      2. And too damn lazy. Years ago, when people ate full-fat foods and all the other stuff that makes modern dieticians cringe, they led more physical lifestyles. Hell, I’m not even that old, but I don’t see nearly as many full playgrounds, kids on bikes, families out walking, etc., as I did when I was a kid.

    2. The only problem with oil/fat storage is shelf life. It MUST be rotated or donated to keep storage as fresh as possible. Oils that have oxidized (or turned “rancid”) are unhealthy. If some oils stored get too old, consider replacing them, the cost minimal compared to their value and importance.

      1. Felix,
        Valid point…
        Store those oils in the freezer.butter, olive oil, sunflower and grapeseed all store really well there.I date mine and rotate them by FIFO…
        Coconut oil has a shelf life of about 5 years stored in a cool dry place unopened..can be used with recipe modifications as butter… use Coconut oil- about 1/3 amount of butter called for in recipe.. use at least 1/2 of remaining amount in water for needed volume. So if recipe called for one cup of butter i would add 1/3 cup coconut oil and at least 1/3 cup of water…if needed for moisture could add up to 2/3 cup water… works for most recipes. can also blend 2 tbsp butter with 5 tbsp coconut oil for a spreadable butter… or sun butter with sunflower oil…I use a pint jar, 2 sticks real butter, 3 tbsp coconut oil, a little salt and about 6-8 oz sunflower oil. sit in a warm place til butter melts enough to blend.. blend well with wisk. can remain on counter for 2-3 weeks if it lasts that long…

      2. Even if oil (i.e. olive oil) goes rancid, you can use it as fuel for an oil lamp. Lots of how-to’s online to show how this is done. Do not throw anything away.

        1. Yes! I make primitive-style oil lamps from clay (which is then fired in kiln). No need to buy candles. Most any thick/multi-thread/twisted cotton twine will work for the flame.

  4. Two cents here…

    Honey and Salt. Store Honey by the Gallons and salt by the pounds. Last pretty much forever if stored correctly and go a very long way!

  5. With you on that Ken. I don’t store a lot of honey but store 150 lb of salt as it will be great for barter and can be used to coax the little animals for additional eating. Sugar, while not as healthy as honey, can also store for a very long time and would also be a great barter item so I store that also.

  6. It is best to buy food that you are going to eat. I’ve seen too many food supplies get filled up with bugs. When my mother-in-law sold her house and moved to an apartment she divided her food supply among her three sons. I didn’t really look at it. I put it away and later discovered some of the food was 20 years old and full of bufa. I threw it away and for months had bugs crawling all over my cupboards even though I scrubbed several times. It would be terrible to lose your job and need to live off your food supply and you find it filled with bugs. Also you better be used to whole wheat. If something happens where you need to use it you don’t want to be running to the bathroom all the time (or running to the toilet you made) You need to USE these things and then replace then as you use them–using the oldest products first.

    1. BenG: You put the sugar or whole wheat flour in a plastic bag, take as much air as possible , then FREEZE it. The freezing will kill any bug in the flour, the lack of air will not allow them to survive. The lack of air will also help with the sugar. The sugar should be white and as compact as possible

  7. I think you have too much grain and not enough oil. You have 1700 calories a day of grain. That is a lot of bread and cereal. Probably more than you need if you look at total calories per day.

    As for oil, you have 2 tablespoons a day per person. I am not sure that is enough to make your daily bread. The american diet has more like 4 tablespoons a day. Salad dressings and frying would be out with that little oil. Oil is 100 calories a tablespoon so it is a great way to store lots of calories in a small space but it does not store well long term.

    1. Karen,

      Fat is indeed calorie dense and carries some trace nutrients and is needed in moderation by the body. I completely agree with you.

      However, let’s look at it like this, grains have more of a nutrient and fiber punch and will give satiety. When I baked bread, it requires 7 cups of grains to make enough bread for 5 people for day as a side meal… not their full amount of food for the day. 2 adults and 3 small children. It takes a smidgen over 3 cups of flour to make a pound. So, let’s round down to 2 lbs of flour for daily bread that is normally used as a side meal… 2 x 365 days is 730 lbs… and that is really for one meal a day. Bread doesn’t always need oil to be made. So this is where these minimums come into play. Now, if a family made pancakes for breakfast, had bread for dinner and ate stew for lunch, they would use more flour. I don’t use wheat barley or rye based anything… but even if I just used sorghum and cornmeal… I would need about 300-400 lbs per person..,, breads, pancakes, cereal for breakfast, pasta….

      Fat storage has a short shelf life, it will go rancid quickly. Therefore much harder to store for long periods of time.

  8. Hi! I’m in Japan and have been following this blog regularly!

    Obviously we have natural disaster issues like earthquakes, tsunamis and typhoons here, and combined with the new issue of NK trying to blow us up (combined with having small houses with no basements) makes for difficult emergency preparation.

    Do you have any tips?

    1. Shino-chan
      Start with water storage, purchase the 1 gallon or liter for your area. You will need one gallon per day per person figure 3 days to start with. If that does not work for your home at least store the amount you can have on hand. Depending on your budget a life straw so you can drink water that one would not normally consume. The next step would be buying a commercial water system, referring to a Berkey. There is another system that removes hazardous waste but I do not recall the name. Hopefully someone who has researched it could advise you on the products name. Now you have your water covered would be food.
      The American diet is different than yours, here is what I would suggest any foods that are freeze dried, dried noodles, canned foods you will consume, but it must be food you will eat.
      Ken has other articles that may assist you, best of luck with your new endeavor. Welcome to the group.

    2. @ Shino…Konnichwia. As AC said, start with a few days of food and water, then build from there. Next I would suggest a few days of hygiene items (insert TP jokes here) and medical supplies including any prescription meds you/family needs. Good boots, gloves and dust masks are also early preps since how prone Japan is to sesmic and volcanic activity. Store some extra dried seaweed as it’s a good natural source of iodine to protect your thyroid from various radionuclides. Welcome aboard and sayonara.

    3. Welcome Shino-Chan,
      Just like the others said, there many good articles in the drop down menu at the top.
      Perhaps some other suggestions might be:
      bikes (and the attachment for young kids and/or supplies)
      Seychelle water bottle (and/or pitcher) with Extreme filter to filter out radiation among other particles, bacteria, viruses – sold on Amazon (wow it is $44 per bottle now, I bought ours last year for $28 per!) said there are only 2 left for now…
      dusk mask/face respirator – used to have one on amazon that also filtered out
      a good one is Cambridge mask Company military grade N99 for each person in your household
      sold on Amazon. Ken has an Amazon link here if you go through his site, he gets support.
      Also a good battery/solar radio may be good to get – keep in a small faraday bag to protect against EMP….

      Best to you Sino-Chan! :)

      1. BenG:
        In case of radioactivity you should have Potassium Iodate to saturate your thyroid. The Potassium Iodate also can be used for water disinfection. It does not kill Cryptosporidium that can be found is shallow water wells or swimming pools. You will always need further filtering. Britta works well. You do not nee to take the pitcher with you if you need to travel but only the top area of the pitched. The potassium Iodate can be found in the internet or under the name of Lugol. The masks N95 are expensive and a good alternative are the dental hygienist masks that are also in the range of N95. Any N95 mask can be disinfected using peroxide spray. In case of an emergency you can always cover your shoes, hands, etc. with plastic bags like the ones used in the supermarket

  9. A year’s supply is not doable with most families. Without solar power after the collapse it’ll all spoil anyway. I thought that I could at least buy me a couple of months worth and put up some home canned beans but just seven jar meals times 52 weeks is 364 jars. The imagination lacks reality. It’s going to be in the corn,wheat and beans or bean powder if the beans have hardened that will sustain life and without a piece of meat in them it’s going to be rough going. I grew up poor and I remember back when two families had to live together just to survive in the sixties. They ate squirrel, rabbit, possum, turtle, eel, doves and birds whatever you could catch or shoot. Many a meal on my grandparents table consisted of chicken feet because there was no money to buy meat and we’re talking about a total breakdown of society and collapse of our economic system. Get real people. It’s going to be hard. You can grow lots of potatoes and keep them under your house in a bed of pine straw not letting them touch one another. That’s what we did and they lasted from July til Dec or until it got really cold. Figure out how to keep meat long term like raising chickens or going back to raising hogs and salting down the meat. All this and more. Hyper-inflation will probably happen first. Some meats are already twenty-five dollars a pack in the grocery stores. The next economic bubble burst is going to be really bad for everyone. We all know it’s coming so prepare as best as you can and good luck.

    1. I respect a lot of what you said, but didn’t fully understand why you think without solar power “it will all spoil anyway”.
      Certainly things like grains (especially wheat and white rice), will keep for many years without electricity. People kept these things for many years before electricity was ever used. So will honey, sugar, salt, spices, dry pasta, beans/legumes. Fat seems to be a problem, but not so much. I keep olive oil in a deep freezer while there is electricity. It will certainly last me a year if the electricity goes out that long. I also use peanut butter. I rotate all of this, and with a family of six, have well over a 6 month supply, and am aiming to have a 12 month supply.
      When I say I “rotate it”, pertaining to rice, that means I throw it out. It’s cheap, and I do like it, but on a full “American” diet, it isn’t healthy. However, when there’s near 0 food, it will be much appreciated, especially for my kids who just need the carbs, and don’t have slightly high blood sugar like I do. I’ll probably just stick to the whole-wheat.

      1. Matt, Consider, If you don’t cook it now. Will you be able to prepare it so they will eat it?
        I also have blood sugar issues. I found that I can use white rice by cutting serving size down to just a little more than half…ie… 1/4 cup cooked + one tablespoon… AND using rice as THE only carb… no bread, or potatoes, beans, carrots,beets.. Just 3oz. meat/ 3 oz.rice possibly tomatoes or greens/lettuce as a side…I use terraiki sauce… others might use hot sauce. My stomach is small, You would be able to add probably 2 oz of meat if available to give fullness without blood sugar issue. Just an idea. won’t know if it will help, til you do own investigation.

        1. It’s a good point, about preparing it so the kids will eat it. I’m starting a plan, that I will prepare beans, rice and wheat meals, and make them eat a tiny portion several times a week. I have plenty of salt, sugar, spices stored to add. I’m hoping that after several weeks or months, it will be tolerable to them, so if a transition period ever occurs, it won’t be so abrupt.

      2. Do not underestimate the humble rice. Together with beans they form a complete protein (means all the necessary aminoacids for your body. If you have beans you can sprout them and also plant them. Beware not to eat them raw for the bean peel may produce some sort of poison when ingested. If you live in a warm country plant Moringa. It contains all the aminoacids necessary for your body plus the carbohydrates and the seeds contain oil. I live in Florida and have two moringa trees. If you can plant avocados you have oil and protein. Do not throw the seed for it is a true source of aliments.

        1. Yes, I have heard that about rice and beans, so have plenty of them. Thanks for the advice on moringa and avocodo, but I live in Northern Ohio :( so, isn’t an option for me.

  10. You can can fats and oils, best is bacon grease (just save your bacon grease and when you get enough can it) and also can lard, process at 15 pounds for 90 min. and it will keep for years. It is just like canning meat, which has fats in it. At 10 years out my canned meat has been good as to taste and texture.
    With out fat in your diet you will not survive.

    1. Camper, lard does not have to be (processed)canned. it can be packed in sterilized jars,w/ sterilized lids, fresh, still very the rim of the lid,(leave as little airspace as possible.) wipe rim w/ hot water then w/vinegar. put sterilized lids on and invert. friend does all of hers , from her porkers,that way and has some that is 6 years old and still sealed and good./fresh.She is in zone 9a. so hot.

  11. My son has celiac disease so all grains are out. How does everyone plan ahead for those who can’t eat certain foods without literally becoming deathly ill?

    1. Sherry
      My grt nephew is/was in the same situation. They purchase other foods that can be ground up like wheat grains for a flour.

      In my research on grains I found that there is only on grain that is still raised the old fashion way and has not been altered for more production. That is KAMUT, it comes from the time of the pharaohs out of Egypt. It almost went extinct but for a few grains found, grown as an experiment that grew into what is available into days market.

      On the net will be an article written for Mother Earth, it is on grains/grass of all varieties. I suggest you find that article to understand what he may be able to have. Then you can plan from there. Discuss this with his doctor. Best of luck to you.

    2. All grains, or those that contain gluten? Most people are OK with oats and rice (barley and rye also have gluten, although at much lower levels). Grind your own so you know what’s in it, as some types of flour have fillers or other ingredients not listed on the label. Quinoa and corn should be OK as well.

      A full grain allergy is much more rare, and is not celiacs.

      Stock up on what he can eat, and learn to cook with those things.

    3. Are you sure about “all grains”? He should be fine with quinoa, buckwheat, corn, rice, lentils, etc. Quinoa is a complete protein and probably more versatile than rice for cooking.

  12. I hope everyone is using this to prepare for what’s ahead in the very near future. Stay safe everyone ❤

    1. John

      Don’t lose hope, there’s still time. You just have to be more careful while going about it. Avoid crowds at all costs and work at it bit by bit. None of us have as much as we would like to have.

      The meek shall inherit the earth.

    2. I am very happy to see this list. I’m just making my Food storage list to fill I the next 5 weeks. Ordered 200 masks. Plenty of sanitizer and health care and cleaning supplies.I have again added Sternos, Water pan set ups to heat foods and heaters that attach to propane tanks for heat just in case there isn’t electric. This is how we survived for 2 weeks a few years ago during a winter storm. I bought a crank solar radio and also everyone in a my home a regular watch. We also made sure to purchase plenty of pet supplies and medications.
      I will be checking back for additional great tips.
      May everyone stay safe and be well!

  13. Dirt works!
    Make it work for you.
    Do home gardening.
    A window box can give some training, even in the frozen north, inside.
    Growing a flower can be a first step blessing.

    1. I have floor to ceiling shelves in a basement but only use a few for food. Twelve inches high, eighteen inches deep, and six feet wide shelves – use 3 and a half. Compact chest freezer kept full. Use Ken’s suggested method of frozen goods sorted into different colored bags to easily lift out and get to what you want. Seasonings and herbs – 3 kitchen drawers. Baking ingredients – flours, sugars, oils, nuts – 2 sets of double door kitchen cupboards. Plastic shoe box of heirloom seeds kept in back of refrigerator. I have a water filtration system and backup filters. So I don’t store a lot of water.

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