BASIC Disaster Supplies – Emergency Survival Kit


Putting together a so called basic emergency kit (and/or being sure that you have the essentials) is a simple and responsible thing to do. What goes into a ‘basic’ survival kit for home? Items that are purposed towards the most common or likely disaster that could occur in your own geographical area which will enable you to better deal with the follow-on consequences for a relatively short period of time (most emergencies are over within hours or days).

The basic emergency kit to keep at home might include the following items as a minimal recommendation:

Let me reiterate — while there is not a so called ‘best’ list of items (there are personal preferences, circumstances and scenarios), the following items come to mind when thinking about a minimal set of suggestions for those getting started with preparedness at home.

Note that there are quite a number of articles here which touch upon a ‘Survival Kit’, ‘Emergency Kit’, as well as many articles which contain ‘Lists’ that might be of interest…

The basics (geared towards at home), and although some or all of this you might already have (good!), maybe some of you don’t…

Water, one gallon of water per person per day for at least three days, for drinking, cooking, sanitation — but you’ll need more for toilet flushing if your well pump is ‘down’ (as described here).

Food, at least a three-day supply of non-perishable food. (3 days food is ridiculously easy – so set a goal of acquiring at least 3 weeks.)

Battery-powered radio to keep you in touch with unfolding news and information (think ‘power outage’ and you’ll need ‘portable’ battery powered comms).

NOAA Weather Radio (Public Alert) with extra batteries for both — particularly if you live along the East coast (hurricanes) or if you live where tornadoes or severe t-storms may frequent.

Flashlight (an LED flashlight for longer life) and extra batteries (Best Rechargeable Batteries)

First Aid Kit (Best First Aid Kit). Not everyone has an adequate kit, or any at all. Check your First Aid supplies for at least the basics.

Whistle — to signal for help if needed. (Buried in rubble following house collapse – Tornado, Hurricane, or Earthquake?) Although if you’re already trapped and it’s out of reach – it won’t do much good. Maybe leave it (and your other kit ‘stuff’) in a designated safe room…

Heavy Duty Garbage Bags for personal sanitation. Although nearly everyone has trash bags already, if you’re out of power for days, extra garbage bags (heavy duty) will accommodate lots of things.

Wrench or pliers to turn off utilities (there are specialty tools for this purpose)

Manual can opener for canned food. Most people probably already have one – but double-check.

Portable stand-alone battery charger for cell phone (towers are often still ‘up’ and running during disaster – even through typical power outage – but you’ll need to charge your phones…)

Portable cooking stove. (Cooking without electricity). A camp stove will serve you while you’re without power.

What else could we add to this list for basic items at home?


There are SO MANY ITEMS that continue to come to mind – even for a BASIC minimal kit, but I’ll stop here and welcome your own ideas for a very basic kit (lets not go ‘overboard’ on this one – keep it simple but practical and useful).

Once you’ve established the basics,  use your imagination and add to it! Trust me… even a very ‘basic’ list could get long very quickly!

Think about how you would get through the day(s) during a short term emergency. What items might you need? What time of year is it and does that make a difference for you? You will quickly realize that there are many additional items that could assist you following a disaster.

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  1. Interesting, I’m going to toss an assumption out there for sake of discussion. lets say this “Emergency” is a three day or less event, additionally you are at home. So with this in mind I’m thinking the already existing multiple set of “Bags”, “kits” and “stored ‘stuff'” would suffice.

    1) VB, (vehicle Bag) used for repairs of the good old vehicle to get home or wherever
    2) GHB, (get home bag) obviously a beg setup to get yourself home.
    3) BOB, (bug out bag) for getting out of dodge
    4) BOGB, (bug out gun bag) for the security “hardware”
    5) Home “stockpile” of water, food, first-aid, clothing, security-stuff, generators, shelter, fuel, the list is endless.

    I guess maybe I don’t understand the gust of thinking here. If (and that’s a HUGE IF) you have prepared somewhat, than is there a need for an “emergency kit” is not all of the above in itself emergency kits?. And if your at home is that not also a HUGE “emergency kit” in of itself?


    1. LOL… We must think alike ( that might be a scary thing, for someone to think like me) I thought the same thing. I don’t plan on bugging out. I have no where to go except home. So my home is my BOB.

    2. The ‘kit’ in this case, is the specific ‘stuff’ designated at home for emergency. While most homes should already have things like a manual can opener or a flashlight, etc. (maybe they don’t?), my thought was to list some items that might not be part of a normal (non-prepper) household’s inventory — and to list a set of basic items to assist in a ‘typical’ short term emergency.

      For example, the odds are very high that non-preppers have zero water stored in their home. Or some of them might not have a battery powered portable radio. I’ll bet that many households also do not have an adequate First Aid Kit. How many households have one of those all-in-one tools that enable water mains shutoff or natural gas shutoff… Things like that.

      So, the thought process is not a bug-out-bag or vehicle kit, it is instead a list of items at home. While you and I may already have a camp stove which could be used for emergency cooking, I wonder how many non-preppers have one? Although most could use their BBQ grills for awhile I suppose…

      Maybe this is a lame post and most people already have the things they need at home for most emergencies :=) I just don’t know —

      A generator. I wonder how many people have one? Or would know how to interface it with their home?

      Sleeping bags? If the power is out in the winter, maybe a good cold weather sleeping bag would help against hypothermia when the heat is out? Or maybe they could just get in the car and drive somewhere where the power is on — or maybe they can’t because the roads are covered with snow or ice…

      Maybe a ‘Mr. Buddy Heater’ for heat in the winter (if they don’t have a wood stove and the power goes out).

      How about a battery operated CB radio or 2-way GMRS/FRS/MURS radio for comms? Although if the cell phones are still working, then that solves that problem – but you never know I suppose.

      The list could be endless, but I was curious to see if there is a list of so called essentials that non-preppers might not already have as part of their ordinary household inventory.

      1. @ Ken
        First of all I have read 1 or maybe 2 of your articles (or maybe hundreds) and have found non or them to be “lame”, I will attribute my lack of understanding your intent to myself.

        I guess being prepared (somewhat) I just assume that most people would have “some” ways to outlast a few days without. But in rethinking and seeing what’s going on in my neck of the woods right now I’m sure changing my mind about that. There are a lot of people here in Durango going “Ohhhh Crapo” now what do we do.

        So here would be some suggestions I would see for everyone to have other than the obvious water food and so on.

        1) Candles, you would be surprised how many people have none.
        2) Strike anywhere matches. or extra Bic lighters
        3) A good old Leatherman multi-tool.
        4) Extra Blankets or Furniture pads. That floor is going to get really hard in about 3 seconds
        5) Fine the “best” First-Aid kit you can find than add a lot more personal Meds and Trauma “stuff”.
        6) Some “comfort food” candy, chips, bubble gum, COFFEE —> 500#’s of coffee, stuff to calm your nerves.
        7) Non-water cleaner.
        8) Paper goods, think no water or very limited water.
        9) Roll Plastic and Duct-Tape.
        10) Just a plain ole 5 gallon bucket or two.

        The list, as you said, could grow HUGE to include everything to become a full fledged Prepper, maybe that’s would be a good thing?

        1. Here’s an article I wrote awhile ago on candles:

          Candles – lowest cost per hour

          Once in awhile I do ‘basic’ articles – and although most all the regulars here are likely quite adequately prepared, I do get quite a number of new ‘hits’ each day (people web-searching for things) – some of whom are no doubt ‘newbies’ to preparedness. So I enjoy getting back to basics now and again.

          1. Interesting you mention “newbies” and back to basics. I worry at time we (mainly me) get a little carried away (my big mouth) at times with the discussions and technical stuff possible disenchanting some.

            I for one rather like to see the basic articles, sort of a reminder of some of the things we (I) may have missed. Or need to improve on. And a good reminder of how we ALL were once just starting out.

            Not blowing smoke, but you run a excellent Blog here Ken.


          2. defiantly not lame, seeing how I’m a newbie, i appreciate the touch on basics.
            although i have noticed a lot more concern with prep supplies lately is their serious concern for an imminent change to our way of live that is driving you.

        1. It’s something that ‘most’ or at least many people have while living in suburbia. I used to have them (and still have the tool!) but where I currently live I’m on my own with spring water and propane. That said, I’m assuming you too do not have city water or natural gas and you’re simply joking ;)

      2. Not lame Ken. I always get something from everything you print. Thank you for all your work. I sure didn’t mean to suggest that it wasn’t worth thinking about.

        1. Thanks – I’m just ‘getting back to basics’ in this particular article and trying to provoke thoughts in that regard for others who may be somewhat new to the idea of preparedness at home…

          Unfortunately posts like this tend to offend those who are well beyond the basics – but that’s okay – we are diversified here ;) and hopefully some of those who are well beyond the basics will feel inclined to chime in with their opinions to help newbies who may happen across these types of posts. I often will throw out some thoughts in an article and count on (hope for) good comments to round it out to an overall beneficial post.

    3. Yup, was thinking why would i need to make an at home emergency bag?
      If im home and not going anywhere then all my stuff is here, dont really need a bag for the bags, sheesh

    4. nrp i can see where you are coming from.
      i work in a service industry that puts me around a lot of people poor or rich.
      it amazes me at how little so many know about their home, the basics of construction to any thing in it such as a toilet paper holder. there are definitely people that need help with basic knowledge and every time i meet someone who wants to know more i give as much as i can to help them so that maybe they can be a little more self sufficient.
      by the way enjoy many of your comments and suggestions you post thank you.

      1. Thank you 97
        I kinda get mouthy at things at times, sorry for that.
        But I’m getting more passionate about the need for people to see what’s going on around them, and the need to be prepared.
        And thank you for sharing what you can with those that need a little help also.

  2. Ok, the scenario is a hurricane.
    Preps would start days before it hit or threatened to make land fall. Secure outside , things that will blow around. Window and door protection.
    Evacuation plan.
    Grab and go bags,
    Which are basically our 72 hour bags. With additional water and food for extended out of the house , up to two weeks.
    Perscriptions, legal papers for house, insurance for health, home and auto. Contact info. For friends relivetives.
    Pets, and there needs also.
    Most of our grab and go is already in the car as our get home bags. The grab and go has mostly iteams we would take to make a stay away , more comfortable.
    So that is one seasonal emergency , for us here in Florida.

  3. Home is where we would stay in 99% of the foreseeable scenarios. It’s the unforeseeable ones that concern me. Reflecting on this I think most of us are among the 1 percenters. I’d guess around 99% of the population doesn’t think its necessary to prep. I can’t even talk my daughter into keeping a few bottles of water and a blanket in her car. My step son and family are planning on being raptured.

  4. Some girl told me what BOB was , but it wasn’t a bugout said need to be prepared for anything and everything and extra batteries are a plus. Hahaha.

    1. HAHAHA, Thor, that’s just all out, ahhhhhhhhh, “interesting”. LOLOL I’m actually laughing out loud and shaking my head at the same time.

  5. Having been through Sandy, I would suggest a small Honda Generator like the EU2000i.They get about 10 hours on a gallon of gas. You can switch between your oil or gas furnace, and your refrigerator.

    I bring this up as it was very difficult to get gas for quite some time after Sandy.

    The people with inefficient or large generators, often went without.

    It would be ideal to have a whole house generator tied to a huge tank of propane but that’s out of my reach. So I did well with my little Honda.

    1. I like the fact that it’s quiet. Less attention drawn to it.

      While watching the TV reporting on hurricane Sandy, one of the biggest issues were people not being able to get fuel for their generators or their vehicles. So also keep a stash of 5-gallon gas ‘cans’ of fuel (stored safely and with fuel storage additive like STA-BIL or PRI-G)

  6. Down here in Alabama we mostly get concerned about tornadoes in spring and fall and ice storms in the winter.

    For the tornadoes we keep our storm shelter stocked with water, non perishable food, noaa radio, lanterns and batteries, thick leather gloves (you’ll need these for after a tornado if there is one), a chainsaw, and DVDs depending on how long the warning lasts.

    For the ice storms we keep the tank in the car filled more than halfway as well as keeping the get home bag in there for just in case. At the house we keep stocked on water and food and have gas on hand for the generator for when the power goes out. I also keep sleeping bags handy, last winter when the power went out I didn’t feel like hooking up the generator so I just pulled out the SBs. Worked out fine cuz the power was only out about 12 hours. We caught up on lots of sleep, but we also have plenty of board games and other stuff to keep us occupied for longer outages.

    1. Great thought regarding heavy duty work gloves. I’ll bet that most people only have the ‘cheap’ work gloves, if any, (which get torn to shreds right quick when working ‘heavy duty’).

      Good idea regarding board games, etc.. the way it used to be ;)

      1. One year we actually had Monopoly game going that we dragged out about 10 hours until someone finally caved in and traded some property. The power came back on about an hour before the game ended. That might’ve had something to do with that diabolical trade!

  7. I know you have flashlights listed Ken, but I would also add a few candles to that list. Yes I know it presents its own danger of fire, but if you are careful you shouldn’t have any problems. When we were first married and lived in the city, we had two flashlights. Well living in the city, we didn’t lose power that often. So when we would lose power, maybe every couple of years, wouldn’t you know it, the batteries would be dead. I think that happened three times before I decided to add candles to our supplies. They can sit forever and still be good when you need them. I also still have candles that we bought when we lived in the city. I know most of us are well covered, this is more for people just starting out. Now we have 6 flashlights, with plenty of extra batteries, 5 oil lamps with plenty of fuel and extra wicks, and a cupboard full of candles.

      1. I am not sure how it happened, but in the past twenty years, or so, I have known of three houses which apparently burnt down due to fire caused by a candle left un attended on the stove. Folks went to work/went out for few hours, and forgot and left candle burning.

        now, I am assuming these candles were in some type of container/on a saucer, but for the life of me I can’t really figure how a candle sitting (apparently) on the top of a stove, in the middle can actually do anything but burn itself out?

        Having said that, it still stirs some concern, so I have decided, that if I need to use my tea light candles, I will set them in a container, and then in the fireplace. Surely that should be safe?

      2. Regarding candles- During Hurricane Sandy, I put candles in the sink in the kitchen, and bathroom- Why? Because they reflected more light and if one fell asleep there would be no way they could start a fire in the sink.

        I make my candles using tuna cans, soy wax and a candle wick. They last about 8 hrs. I get the wicks and soy wax off of Ebay. There is no way a tuna can candle can fall over…..

        1. this sounds like a good idea.

          so, I am just pop a regular sort of candle into a tuna can, and fill it with wax?


          1. No…. I boil a pan of water on the stove, then I put a smaller pan on top of the boiling water and dump in the Soy Flakes which melt. I then pour the liquid wax into the tuna can. I let it sit near an open window to cool more. After cooling somewhat I put them in the freezer for a final cooling.

            The wick has a metal stand which I dip into the melted wax and I put it in the tuna can before pouring the melted wax in.

        2. We have done that as well, especially in the bathroom sink to act as a nightlight. I put about an inch on water in the bathroom sink after closing the stopper. Then set the candle in the water. Never had any problems.

        3. Wrap cardboard inside your tuna can and pour the wax over it you have a small stove that will last for a while.

          1. Lauren….so, coil the cardboard inside tuna can, them pour “any” wax over it? (as in old candles, paraffin, etc?)

            and, do you still put a wick in it to lite, or do you let the cardboard stick up out of the wax to lite the cardboard?

            how long, roughly would this burn? could one set some small sort of pot on it to heat?

    1. Candles used in “hurricane lanterns” or in glass containers are safer, but not completely. I stock tea-light candles and put them in glassware like mason jars. Effective lighting and cute! Don’t forget the fire-extinguishers.

      1. Tea-light candles are awesome. We have ‘tons’ of them (well, not literally) and they provide an adequate amount of light and are comparatively ‘cheap’.

      2. I saw a post somewhere awhile back about candle safety during emergencies. There was something about keeping the candles in a tray of water that way if they get knocked or blown over they are likely to get doused.

  8. Never lame Ken, you have a great blog. I mostly lurk but I will share some thoughts for those of us in earthquake country. I read a book by an Israeli security agent years ago. He recommended to carry a water bottle and small washcloth to wet and cover a person’s mouth and nose in case of fire in tunnels or after quakes in general. Also a small flashlight to double as a weapon. Other sources recommend a pair of shoes by the bedside and a crowbar or similar object to lift heavy fallen objects. I would add a flashlight and noisemaker of some sort in case a person is injured and can’t cry out for help. Heavy work gloves are good for lifting debris.

    BTW, during a power outage, it’s common to hear my relatives say “uh, do we have any batteries for the flashlight” five seconds AFTER the power goes out. Most people do NOT prepare. We are the minority. It’s fortunate if every family has at least one person with a preparedness mindset.

    1. Having shoes (and clothes) readily by the bedside is a very good idea. Imagine clamoring to get out of a damaged house (in the dark) after an earthquake or tornado has strewn debris everywhere… Thanks for your comment.

      1. You spend 1/3 of your life in bed, so keep a whistle by your bedside. Also one on your key ring for when you are out and about. Then if you are trapped somewhere, you can easily make noise.

  9. A dose of common sense should be in every emergency kit. Very difficult to buy online. Seems to be, unfortunately, uncommon these days.

  10. This has been bugging me now for several months. The various sites (usually run by ex military guys) talk about what to put in a bug out bag. However, I am not going to be using any of that stuff even if I knew what to do with it. So, I just want to throw out there that a woman’s BOB or EDC will look different than a man’s bag, a city person’s bag will look different than a country person’s bag and the needs will even vary from one part of the country to the next.

    1. No matter what the bag looks like, or who carries it, everything eventually falls into the same categories:

      knife (tool/protection)
      fire (warmth/signaling/cooking)
      shelter (rest/warm/cool)
      water (life)
      food (life)

      I also recommend a stout walking stick.

      1. The average woman cannot protect herself with a knife. It will likely be taken from her and used against her. If a handgun is not feasible then a taser, pepper spray or something along that line would be more helpful.

        Then there is the mysterious paracord. I have no idea what I’d do with it.

        I’m not going to end up in the woods hunting, building makeshift shelters and drinking from streams.

        1. @ Maggie
          You have a very very good point Maggie, not everyone’s “skills” are the same, certainly not mine at 62 compared with some ex-marine at 35. Nor will my GHB (I’m needing to travel around 35 miles from work to home) have the same contents as anyone else’s.

          With that said your personal BOB/GHB/VB/and so on will have the items you feel you need to have, I go crazy when I see 72hour bags for sale in Wally World. How in the heck can someone else know what I will need?

          Conclusion Maggie, you need to not look at list as much as you need to figure out what you will need to do what you need to do, if that makes sense? Yes 100 list of what others have in their bag is good to see, but you must decide what to do. Do take suggestions, do make a plan, do gather and practice with your “stuff”. But what ever you do, do it, be prepared as best as you can.


    2. I like Dave Canterbury’s 10 C’s of survival. But I thought it was too basic so I expanded on it:

      10 C’s & 4 F’s
      1. Cutting tool – Sheath knife, pocket knife, small hatchet, sharpening stone, file.

      2. Combustion – Bic, matches, magnesium w/ferro, fire starter, magnifying glass.

      3. Cordage –100’ paracord, bankline, duck tape, sewing kit, zip/rebar ties.

      4. Container –Nalgene canteen & carrier, 2 liter platypus, zip lock bags, steel cup.

      5. Cargo – Backpack, dry bag, small stuff sacks/pockets, carabiners.

      6. Compass –Compass, map, small binoculars, camera, cell phone, survival kit.

      7. Cover – Tent/tarp, sleepbag/pad/pillow, rain suit, hat (rain/sun/fleece) clothing kit.

      8. Candle or light – small flashlight, head lamp, spare batteries, glowsticks.

      9. Combination tool –multi tool, folding saw, flexible saw blade & split rings, trowel.

      10. Cloth or bandana, handkerchief, mosquito headnet, seat pad.

      11. Food & drink– spork, 3 liters water, tea/coffee/gatoraid packets, 3 day supply( energy bars, candy, PB&J, freeze dried meals, jerky).

      12. First aid kit, safety glasses, reading glasses, hygiene kit.

      13. Forage–frog gig, arrowheads & string, spear point, mini water filter, AR7, snares.

      14. Footwear–Good boots, extra socks, camp mocs, extra laces.

      Sewing/repair kit: (6 ounces) Needles & thread, extra buttons & safety pins, small scissors, patches, rip-stop tape, wire, duct tape, straps, razor blade.

      Hygiene kit: (6 ounces) Soap, nail brush, shampoo, wash cloth, towel, TP, T/brush, floss.

      Survival Kit: (10 ounces) small crowbar, Snares/snare wire, fishhooks/lures/line/sinkers, magnesium match, fire starter, waterproof matches, plastic rain jacket, Mylar blanket, whistle, LED pinch light, multi-tool, compass, purification tablets, money, foil.

      First aid kit: (6 ounces) Triple antibiotic, Burn ointment, moleskin, scissors, toenail clippers, Pair of tweezers, Coumadin, Band-aids (regular, fingertip, knuckle, butterfly, large), Aspirin, Tylenol, Ibuprofen, magnifying glass, mirror.

      Clothing kit: underwear, gloves work/cold, fleece sweatshirt, neck gator, appropriate clothing.

      Everyday carry: pocket knives, wallet/money/change, camera, pencil, lip balm, cell, glasses, small flashlight.

      Five (long term survival) tools: Belt knife, axe, Buck saw, hook knife & crooked awl.

  11. I know a lot of you so called veteran preppers who say there going to stay at home no matter what and are determined to Bug In. And don’t want to leave there supplies that they spent years building up. Don’t believe they need a BOB or a 72 Hour bag. I have this question. What are you going to do when a Flood is headed your way. (Katrina) how about a firestorm or any type of Natural Disaster that will have you fleeing your residence. A lot of good that stockpile will do when you have to leave it behind. If your a prepper than prepare for the worst case scenario. What will I do I am forced to Get out of Dodge. And don’t follow the Herd like sheeple or you will just be stuck in traffic. Have a plan and a several preset routes away from your home. And if you do get stuck in your vehicle by any means that 72 hour bag you can pull out of your vehicle and continue on your way will come in handy.

    1. What you are saying is correct but I think you miss the point. Most people who hype the bugout are so eager to bugout that they consider bugging out for anything at all. Most people who say that they are going to stay put mean they are going to stay put until and unless that becomes impossibe. It is a reasonable plan. I am not leaving my home to become one of the refugees walking the dusty road begging for scraps. If a flood comes I’m going to higher ground until the flood subsides. Having said that I do have a bob it is the contents of my fanny pack, day pack and backpack. I hope not to have to use it. I will admit that if I were in my 20’s bugging out would seem more doable and “romantic” living off the land and all. But I’m 72 and bugging out will probably sap my strength and force me to make bad decisions. So I intend to stay home and if I must defend my home and my family at least I won’t have to do it after walking for three days.

  12. From my personal observations, if your at home and you have to deal with a situation, the fridge is good for 12hrs as long as you don’t open it too much. If you have a generator, make sure you have the right extension cord (proper gauge) so you don’t damage your fridge. If you have to bug out, get realistic. I just tried my worth this weekend. I consider my self in pretty good shape at 36, but I took a 40lb pack into a mountainous range this weekend. I covered 25 miles but it wiped me out. I know my wife would be worse than me. I really got to recheck my bug out plan and redetermine fight vs flight.

    1. This is why I am going to put my B-O-B on my Mountain Bike like the VC did when they were bringing some 200lbs of supplies on their bikes down the Ho Chi Minh trail during the war.
      Even though you are walking the bike it let you last longer. I was laso thinking about getting a kidde car that attaches to the bike to haul more supplies.

      1. @Bravo. I like this idea! I’ve purchased a folding bike and put “never flat” tires on it. I didn’t want to change or repair a bike tire in an emergency. It’s in my car, so it’s part of my get home gear, bug out gear, etc. The kiddie cart I have needs to be replaced, so that’s my next big expenditure. I’m looking for one I can put the same “never flat” tires on. Be careful out there ya’ll.

  13. To Ken: Thanks for the post. It is not lame. To Maggie: Thanks for the reminder of the women’s viewpoint. Many of the people prepping are women and the only shop that tends to be less than friendly is the gun shop to women.

    My wife has her own goto arsenal specifically for her. She has selected and worked with her tools for defense and for hunting. To the fellas out there: It is best to let them make their own choice. (the Glock does not work for everybody.)

    Non lethal means of defense can be unreliable and have unintended consequences such as: Pepper spray or Mace being blown back in your face when fired off on a windy day, Tasers have batteries that die, go dead and/or need to be recharged. They too, can also be taken away and turned against you. Clubs, and knives being taken away and used against you (can also happen with your sidearm too.)

    In all of the above scenarios, the best solution may be to enroll in a martial arts studio “short class”. These are classes that are increasing in number taught to a specific group of targeted audience such as: Defensive use of cane for Senior Citizens. There are other classes being offered on college campuses such as self-defense for women-specific. These classes are taught frequently by members of the local police department/public safety officers in cooperation with the local martial arts studios.

    I am a small-statured male that had to use movement and leverage because I lack the physical strength and mass that bigger people have. I am also getting older. No class is a know-all/end all solution. They are all intended to get you thinking and improvising. The worst thing you can do in an attack or disaster is to give up or panic. The signs of panic: Blank stares and people freeze. They do not know what to do.

    Military guys tend to read and respond to this post because they feel they have something to bring to the table having returned from overseas (in many cases). By the way: Paracord is simply short for Nylon Parachute cord. the 550 number refers to its tested breaking strength within the Dupont labs where it was developed.

    Thanks for the Blog Ken and Maggie: Thanks for bringing the women’s perspective to the table.

  14. On Bugging out: The last time I bugged out was due to economics, not natural disaster.

    Flood waters will reside, the dikes in New Orleans were repaired. Wild fires will burn through quickly allowing the chance to return and rebuild. But when the jobs and the money leave town and you need to keep working, you do what many of us did and bug out to where the jobs are.

    Bugging out was a lot of work and I no longer look forward to it. My days of carrying 50% of my body weight in a backpack are limited. Some lessons I have learned from history and my own personal experiences include: Place your camp or home on higher ground in order to minimize water damage from floods. Clear dry brush, dead trees and tall grass away from your home to establish a burn-resistant perimeter.

  15. Thanks for all the above insights. As has been mentioned, it’s a matter of tailoring it to my specific skills and needs. Much appreciated.

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